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Streitlösungsmodell für die Bauprojektabwicklung

Konfliktmanagement mithilfe bedarfsoptimierter Adjudikation


Jenny Patzig

Defizite bei der Beilegung von Baustreitigkeiten fordern Auftragnehmer und Auftraggeber auf, über alternative Verfahren der Konfliktbewältigung nachzudenken. Mit Adjudikationsverfahren lösen die Parteien Streitigkeiten außergerichtlich und zeitnah. Durch sachbezogenes Verhandeln und ein partnerschaftliches Miteinander wird zudem eine nachhaltige und kooperative Streitkultur etabliert. Die Autorin stellt die genannten Methoden vor und zeigt deren Anwendung auf. Sie gibt praxisnahe Handlungsempfehlungen für die Erstellung einer bedarfsoptimierten Adjudikationsordnung und die Entwicklung eines Konfliktmanagementsystems. Die an der Vergabe und Abwicklung von Bauprojekten Beteiligten erhalten ein Modell für eine einvernehmliche Lösung von Streitigkeiten mithilfe verschiedener Methoden.

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Construction disputes tend to be complex and multicausal, considering technical and legal questions. Unclear or incomplete specifications, disruptions of the building process and subsequent changes to the contractual agreed scope of work are the main reasons causing the disputes. The time for execution shall not be affected by disputes between the parties. Therefore all litigations shall be solved as prompt and fast as possible. Both parties, the employer and the contractor, reach for an economically successful performance of the project. This could only be achieved, if the contractual foreseen time for completion will not be exceeded. State court proceedings often do not meet the requirements of the parties, to bring forth a fast and proper decision. Therefore the interest in alternative dispute resolution is constantly growing.

There is a variety of methods, which constitute alternatives to the ordinary legal procedure. A relatively new method in the German legal system is the dispute resolution by adjudication, which results in a temporarily binding decision for the parties. Adjudication is a summary process, conducted by a specialised third party, which leads to a fast temporarily binding decision that could be rectified by court or arbitration. On an international basis, adjudication could already be applied successfully. This is shown by the statutory introduction of a mandatory adjudication process in the United Kingdom and the wide use of the conditions of contract provided by the International Federation of Consulting Engineers (FIDIC). Now, even the European Union and several German parties involved,...

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