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Islamisches Recht in Wissenschaft und Praxis

Edited By Hatem Elliesie, Beate Anam and Thoralf Hanstein

Den 65. Geburtstag von Hans-Georg Ebert, seit 1998 Professor für Islamisches Recht an der Universität Leipzig, haben nationale und internationale Fachkolleg*innen und Schüler*innen zum Anlass genommen, um in ihren Beiträgen Themen aufzugreifen, die auch der Jubilar in seinem bisherigen Berufsleben auf dem weiten Feld der Forschung zum Islamischen Recht und Recht der arabischen Länder bearbeitet hat. Der Kontext dieses Bandes erstreckt sich somit über das klassische sowie auch das modern geprägte islamische Recht, die islamische Normativität, das islamische Finanzwesen und den Komplex Recht und Sprache.

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Divorce Gaza Style: Regulations and Discussions in Gaza and the West Bank (2013–2017) (Irene Schneider)

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Irene Schneider*

Divorce Gaza Style:

Regulations and Discussions in Gaza

and the West Bank (2013–2017)1

In 2012 the Supreme Judge (Qāī al-Quāt, QQ) and Head of Sharia Court High Council (SCHC; Ra’īs al-Malis al-a‘lā li-l-qaā’ aš-šar‘ī) of the West Bank, Yūsuf Id‘īs, issued a regulation (ta‘mīm) with regard to ul‘-divorce giving women the right to redemption against the husband’s will and therefore broadening women’s access to divorce.2 Other than in the Egyptian law of 2000,3 women could profit from this regulation only before consummation of marriage. After consummation, women were given the possibility of turning to the court and gaining a divorce based on ‘dispute and discord’ (an-nizā‘ wa-š-šiqāq) without having to prove their claim. Yūsuf Id‘īs, therefore, actually reformed the law in force, which in the West Bank is the Jordanian Law of Personal Status of 1976.4 His counterpart in Gaza, Head of Higher Sharia Court Council (HSCC; Ra’īs al-Malis al-a‘lā li-l-qaā’ aš-šar‘ī), judge asan alūū, denied this regulation its legitimacy. In a TV programme he argued that in such a case one should go through the legislative channels and he accused his brethren (iwān) in the West Bank of having turned their itihād into an of ← 177 | 178 → ficial ruling.5 ul‘, he said, was already present in Gaza in the applicable Egyptian Family Rights...

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