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Die Schiedsrichterkündigung im deutschen und US-amerikanischen Recht

Series:

Tim Brockmann

Schiedsgerichtsbarkeit erfährt seit langer Zeit Zulauf. Steigende Fallzahlen, hohe Streitwerte und immer professionellere Akteure im nationalen und internationalen Kontext bringen den Bedarf nach dezidierter Festsetzung schiedsrichterlicher Rechte und Pflichten mit sich. Die Kündigung des Schiedsrichtervertrages durch den Schiedsrichter und die daraus resultierenden, haftungsrechtlichen Konsequenzen sind ein praktisch, wirtschaftlich und wissenschaftlich bedeutsames Thema und trotzdem kaum in Kommentarliteratur und Schiedsregeln aufbereitet. Die vergleichende Analyse des Schiedsrichtervertrages im deutschen Recht und dem arbitrator´s contract im US-amerikanischen Recht zeigt, dass die Möglichkeit der Kündigung bestehen muss.

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§ 1. Der Schiedsrichtervertrag

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Basis for the rights and duties of arbitrators is the arbitrator’s contract. In German law are different possibilities of categorization for the – in its general existence widely accepted contract – some refer to it as a contract of services, others see a contract sui generis. A categorization of the arbitrator’s contract under German law might help to draw conclusions regarding the possibility of the termination of that contract. The thesis will reason that, except for very few exceptions, the arbitrator’s contract is a contract of services and consequently and rightfully arbitrators are generally free to terminate this contract. The rights and duties of arbitrator’s under American law are differently constructed, some apply the so-called status approach, some argue in favor for the existence of an arbitrator’s contract. The thesis mainly focuses on the possibility of the termination of the arbitrator’s contract but also proposes that nearly same reasons for a right of termination apply to the status approach, although it might then be named right of rescind or resignation. One argument to be made is, that there is no possibility to enforce any kind of award against an arbitrator in order to force him to “arbitrate” – the service of the arbitrator is of such a personal, highly specialized, objective and internal process that an arbitrator cannot be forced to serve in his or her judicial function. Consequently, a termination of contract can be simply caused by non-performance of the arbitrator, as there is no possibility to force a judicial...

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