Tagungsband des 17. FORSI-Sicherheitswirtschaftstags und der 18. FORSI Security Days
Edited By Bartosz Makowicz and Rolf Stober
The Privatisation of Policing in the UK (Professor Mark Button)
Professor Mark Button
University of Portsmouth, UK.
The Privatisation of Policing in the UK
The United Kingdom has experienced some of the most extensive and contentious privatisation of the police in the world. This chapter will explore the extent of this privatisation using the categories of privatisation developed by Johnston (1992) and adapted by Button (2002 and forthcoming). These include: load shedding, load resistance, contracting out, franchising and embracing private sector practices. Before these are considered, however, the concept of privatisation in general and then in application to the police will be considered.
What constitutes privatisation is the subject of much academic and political debate. It can vary from very wide definitions of the shrinking of the state to the more precise of replacing public sector workers with private sector workers (Donahue, 1989). The underlying theme, however, is the reduction in the role of the state and an a priori belief that the private sector is more efficient and effective at providing goods and services (Atkinson, 1990). Butler (1991) has identified a range of privatisation policies starting with the most complete, the sale of state assets to the private sector. There is also deregulation where the regulatory burden on industries is reduced or removed, which may as a consequence lead to greater private sector involvement. Third, there is the situation where public authorities contract out to the private sector functions they previously provided. Finally there is...
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