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Genustransfer durch «Thinking for Speaking»

Kognitive Muster und ihre Bedeutung für den DaF-Unterricht

Series:

Katharina Hirt

Wie wirken sich kognitive ‚Thinking for Speaking’ Muster auf das Fremdsprachenlernen aus? Dieser Frage geht die Autorin mithilfe einer empirischen Untersuchung an deutschen Muttersprachlern nach, die Genustransfer anhand der Pronominalisierung und Kategorisierung von belebten, nicht-menschlichen Referenten (Tiernomen) beim Sprechen des Englischen erforscht. Chinesische und englische Muttersprachler dienen als Vergleichsgruppe. Die Ergebnisse zeigen, dass der Genustransfer durch eine unbewusste Fehlinterpretation des Genus zum Sexus ausgelöst wird. Die Existenz solcher kognitiven Muster bedeutet, dass das Erlernen einer neuen Sprache das Erlernen neuer Muster erfordert. Die Autorin folgert, dass die Genusvermittlung einen höheren Stellenwert im DaF-Unterricht erhalten sollte, um die kognitive Umstrukturierung zu fördern.

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Preface

Preface

Extract

Language Learning is a field which bridges the gap between the research conducted within Psycholinguistics and the applied research within Foreign Language Didactics. For a long time, these two fields were regarded as separate disciplines, and the emphasis lay on their differences. However, just as there has been a gradual convergence between the concepts of language acquisition and language learning, over the past few years Psycholinguistics and Foreign Language Didactics have also been moving closer together. While Psycholinguistics is taking a growing interest in the classroom context in which language learning takes place, Foreign Language Didactics have fully embraced empirical research which sheds light on the linguistic phenomena found in the interactions within the classroom.

The series Inquiries in Language Learning (Forschungen zu Psycholinguistik und Fremdsprachendidaktik) aims to reflect this development. Since the areas of intersection between these two research fields have a high level of interdisciplinarity, the contributions to this series are relevant in many different ways for educators and researchers who are concerned with language learning. On the one hand, good foreign language or second language teaching requires teachers whose methodological and pedagogical decisions are based on a sound knowledge of language acquisition theory. Furthermore, foreign language textbooks should have a solid empirical foundation. On the other hand, the interpretation of linguistic data requires familiarity with the types of classroom activities and rituals that shape the various learning processes. After all, psycholinguistic research design must attend to the technicalities of classroom teaching and learning in order...

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