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Literaturgeschichte und Interkulturalität

Festschrift für Maria Sass

Edited By Doris Sava and Stefan Sienerth

Aus Anlass des doppelten Geburtstages – 50 Jahre Germanistik in Hermannstadt und 60. Geburtstag von Maria Sass, der langjährigen Leiterin dieses Lehrstuhls, – greifen die literaturhistorisch, kulturwissenschaftlich und interdisziplinär ausgerichteten Beiträge aus unterschiedlichen Perspektiven die Geschichte und Dokumentation der rumäniendeutschen und deutschen (Gegenwarts-)Literatur auf. Fragen der Rezeptionsgeschichte und der Wechselwirkungen im Bereich der Interkulturalität, der Literaturvermittlung und des deutsch-rumänischen Kulturaustausches bilden thematische Schwerpunkte des Studienbandes und stehen damit im Zeichen der Wahrung von Kontinuität und Konstanz der Hermannstädter Germanistik.

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Radu Drăgulescu: A Linguistic Exploration of Romanian Phytonyms which include Terms Related to Saint Mary

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Radu Drăgulescu

A Linguistic Exploration of Romanian Phytonyms which include Terms Related to Saint Mary

Abstract: This article argues that the Romanian botanical imagination is created around onomasiological prototypes. The comprehensive historical analysis of Romanian phytonymy, starting from the first mention of a plant name in Romanian in the fourteenth-century, demonstrates that names of plants are generally determined by their appearance, then by their (pleasant) scent, their healing or protective features, the bookish coinages, linguistic calques and folk etymologies. The study shows that of a total of 20,990 phytonyms recorded in Romanian up to the present, less than half are still in use. Based on Dicționarul explicativ al fitonimelor românești (The Explanatory Dictionary of Romanian Phytonyms) by Constantin Drăgulescu and other sources, the analysis of the numerous Romanian phytonyms derived from phrases related to the name of the Holy Virgin Mary, for example, which indicate different degrees of affection or expressiveness, shows that those respective terms have been in use in Romanian for a long time, and that phytonymy is a reliable source of linguistic “archaeology” and lexicographic research.

Keywords: phytonyms, lexicography, Romanian language, linguistics

1. Introduction

The starting point in our analysis is the collaboration with Constantin Drăgulescu in the writing of Dicționarul explicativ al fitonimelor românești (i.e. Explanatory Dictionary of Romanian Phytonyms)1. The Dictionary provides a considerable addition to Alexandru Borza’s Dicționar etnobotanic (A Dictionary of...

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