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Literaturgeschichte und Interkulturalität

Festschrift für Maria Sass

Edited By Doris Sava and Stefan Sienerth

Aus Anlass des doppelten Geburtstages – 50 Jahre Germanistik in Hermannstadt und 60. Geburtstag von Maria Sass, der langjährigen Leiterin dieses Lehrstuhls, – greifen die literaturhistorisch, kulturwissenschaftlich und interdisziplinär ausgerichteten Beiträge aus unterschiedlichen Perspektiven die Geschichte und Dokumentation der rumäniendeutschen und deutschen (Gegenwarts-)Literatur auf. Fragen der Rezeptionsgeschichte und der Wechselwirkungen im Bereich der Interkulturalität, der Literaturvermittlung und des deutsch-rumänischen Kulturaustausches bilden thematische Schwerpunkte des Studienbandes und stehen damit im Zeichen der Wahrung von Kontinuität und Konstanz der Hermannstädter Germanistik.

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Ștefan Baghiu: Expressionism and Neo-Expressionism in Romanian Poetry

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Ștefan Baghiu

Expressionism and Neo-Expressionism in Romanian Poetry

Abstract: In Romania, expressionism has always been a retrospective literary concept in poetry. If the interwar debates on modernism in poetry only superficially outlined the expressionist dimension of Romanian literature, postwar discussions reorganized and produced nuanced and pluralized perspectives on expressionism by rethinking influence theories and the rhetorical peculiarities of the most important poets. An exception to this is Lucian Blaga (1895–1961), whose presumed expressionist style was theorized against the foreign understanding of this trend. Hence, Romanian interwar poets such as George Bacovia (1881–1957), Tudor Arghezi (1880–1967), and Benjamin Fundoianu (Fondane, 1898–1944) became, for the literary critics of the 1960s, debatable cases of interwar expressionism, although in the interwar period they were never described as being expressionists. Similarly, the neo-expressionist poets of the 1970s, 1980s, and 1990s, with their contrastive imaginary, were reconsidered as belonging to the expressionist movement only upon after their influence on more recent poetry was deemed quantifiable. This is seen as a result of the alternative research conducted by literary critic Al. Cistelecan against the rise of postmodernism in Romania.

Keywords: Expressionism, Neo-Expressionism, Romanian poetry, Al. Cistelecan, postmodernism, literary criticism

Expressionism in Romanian poetry1 – as described and chronologized by Ovid S. Crohmălniceanu in Literatura română și expresionismul [Romanian Literature and Expressionism] – appears to have become a topic of interest for Romanian criticism only retroactively: aside from Lucian Blaga (1895–1961) and Tudor Vianu (1897/8...

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