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Diachrone Varietätenlinguistik: Theorie, Methoden, Anwendungen

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Edited By Carolin Patzelt and Elton Prifti

Dieser Band widmet sich der Diskussion von Theorien und Methodiken einer diachron orientierten Varietätenlinguistik. Ausgangspunkt der hier versammelten Beiträge ist dabei die These, dass die Geschichtsschreibung einer Sprache sich nicht nur auf eine exemplarische (Standard-)Varietät beziehen darf, sondern dass die systematische Berücksichtigung sprachlicher Heterogenität gerade auch in diachronen Studien unabdingbar ist. Vor diesem Hintergrund arbeiten die AutorInnen in ihren Beiträgen theoretische und methodische Probleme und Perspektiven einer zeitgemäßen diachronen Varietätenlinguistik heraus und illustrieren diese anhand konkreter Fallbeispiele aus der gesamten Romania.

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La variazione nella Romània dalmatica altomedievale (Nikola Vuletić)

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Nikola Vuletić (Zadar)

Abstract: This paper provides a tentative approach to the problem of Romània submersa from the perspective of variationist linguistics. Such treatment of the subject is somewhat daring given the nature of the linguistic material at hand. It is argued that the variation of extinct, indirectly attested linguistic varieties can be partially accessible through their lexical relics in other varieties that shared the same geographical and communicative space. The author examines the case of a particularly intensive Early Romance-Slavic linguistic contact in early medieval Dalmatia. The examples of synonymous fish-names of autochthonous Romance origin in modern Croatian and Montenegrin varieties are studied to show how their present-day areal distribution basically reflects the diatopic variation of the extinct Romance. Indirectly, such lexical relics shed some light on other dimensions of variation of the extinct Romance, since they presumably stem from an exclusively oral, basilectal linguistic contact between fishermen. This particular contact setting can be identified as a dynamic communicative continuum of heterogeneous varieties, representing yet another argument for a separation of the concepts of variety and historical language in a diachronic variationist perspective.

Keywords: autochthonous Romance varieties of Dalmatia (“Dalmatian”), diatopic variation, lexicon, plurilingual communicative space,  Slavic varieties of Dalmatia

La problematica della Romània submersa è stata oggetto, in almeno due occasioni, di uno sforzo coordinato per definire lo status quaestionis: per la prima volta a Treviri nel 1986, quando fu dedicata una sezione del XVIII Congresso Internazionale di Linguistica e Filologia...

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