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Antike und Byzanz als historisches Erbe in Südosteuropa vom 19.–21. Jahrhundert

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Edited By Hans-Christian Maner and Ioannis Zelepos

Der Sammelband enthält Beiträge internationaler Experten aus verschiedenen Fachdisziplinen zur Wahrnehmung von Antike und Byzanz als historischem Erbe in Südosteuropa vom 19. Jahrhundert bis in die Gegenwart. Die Fallbeispiele reichen von Bosnien-Herzegowina bis zur Türkei. Die Autoren untersuchen Medialisierungen von Vergangenheit in komparativer Perspektive im Hinblick auf wissenschaftliche Diskurse sowie auf politische und ideologische Indienstnahmen unter besonderer Berücksichtigung jüngster und gegenwärtiger Entwicklungen. Ihre differenzierten Einzelanalysen liefern somit ein wertvolles Kompendium zum aktuellen Thema «Public History» in der Region.

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Reinventing Nationalism in Macedonia: A Reflection on the so-called Antiquization Campaign

Reinventing Nationalism in Macedonia: A Reflection on the so-called Antiquization Campaign

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Branimir Staletovic

This article examines the rise of narrative of ancient origin in Macedonia, focusing on the so-called antiquization campaign and urban project Skopje 2014. Unlike the existing literature that for the most part relies on structural and identity language, I look at the role of agency (party and state) and ideology when it comes to the origin and implementation of antiquization practices.

Over the last ten years in Macedonia, a vast amount of state resources has been invested in implementing a narrative politics that became known as “antiquization campaign”. In Macedonian context, the antiquization means a set of practices suggesting an undisrupted link with the glorious times of Alexander the Great and the ancient Macedonian Kingdom.1 This governmental project was introduced in 2006, when the right-wing party VMRO-DPMNE2 won the parliamentary elections in Macedonia. Shortly after gaining the power, the new regime marked its establishment symbolically by putting up ancient sculptures in front of the government’s building, as well as by renaming the Skopje’s airport after Alexander the Great. In 2010, an urban project called Skopje 2014 has been launched, largely inspired by classical architectural forms and ancient figures. It is considered as an embodiment of the antiquization campaign.

Despite the fact that the myth of Alexander the Great had already gained more relevance when Macedonia became independent in 1991, only after the ascension of the “rebranded”3 VMRO-DPMNE (led by Nikola Gruevski since 2003) to power did an extensive dissemination of ancient...

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