Edited By Martin K. W. Schweer
1 Vertrauen im Lebenslauf
Walter Neubauer Vertrauen in der frühen Kindheit Abstract Research on trust in the early childhood is rather difficult. In these years the children have to develop their behavioral and cognitive systems and therefore the possibilities for empirical studies are changing. There are two important theoretical orientations in this field, which are relevant. The first studies started from a psychoanalytic theoretical orientation, based on behavioral observation and interpretation. In the last years a great deal of research is concerned with cognitive development, which implies that children actively explore the world and construct increasingly coherent theories about what they observe. But there are many domains that children cannot actively explore for themselves. For children rely extensively on others testimony to learn about the world. However, they are not uniformly credulous toward other people. They prefer to seek and endorse information provided by someone who has proved accurate in the past, i. e. they show selective trust. Further research is needed to pinpoint the heuris- tics that children use to filter incoming testimony and may reveal more general patterns of trust and mistrust. 1 Vertrauensforschung in der frühen Kindheit - Bedeutsamkeit und Probleme Bereits in den philosophischen und religiösen Schriften der Antike, in den Ver- öffentlichungen klassischer großer Pädagogen und auch in den alltagssprachli- chen Berichten von Eltern, Lehrern und Schülern wird die Bedeutung des Ver- trauens für das menschliche Zusammenleben immer wieder betont. Beispiels- weise sieht Pestalozzi (1932) die Grundlagen der gesamten späteren Entwick-...
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