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Anton Zimmermann (1741-1781)

Thematisches Werkverzeichnis

Darina Múdra

Die Arbeit soll die Wissenslücken über das Leben und Werk Anton Zimmermanns, des Musikers der Theresianischen Zeit in Preßburg (heute Bratislava), schließen und ihm die gebührende Eingliederung in die Musikgeschichte sichern. Sie besteht aus einem Studien- und einem Dokumentationsteil. Der erstere befasst sich aus der Sicht des Musikwissenschaftlers mit Leben, Werk und Bedeutung des Komponisten. Das thematische Werkverzeichnis enthält eine erste komplette Bilanz über das Werk, seine europäische Repertoireverbreitung, eine erste tiefere Musikstilcharakteristik und initiiert die Wiederaufnahme der Musik Zimmermanns in die Musikpraxis.


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Foreword 13


13Research Foreword One of those who helped to form the language of European musical classicism, and an active creator of its culture in central Europe, a contemporary of Joseph Haydn and Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, was Anton Zimmermann (*1741-†1781). He is one of those artists belonging to Euro- pean musical history of whom hitherto there has been an unjustified silence. Anton Zimmermann, originally from Silesia, settled permanently in the capital city of con- temporary Hungary, Pressburg (now Bratislava) at the beginning of the 1770s. It is believed that during the 1760s he had functioned as organist at the episcopal church in Königgrätz (now Hra- dec Králové). The full development of his capacities was assured in 1776 when he acquired the permanent position of actively composing Kapellmeister, performer and artistic director of the orchestra he had created (one of the best in Central Europe) in the service of Joseph Batthyány, Cardinal Primate of Hungary. From May 1780 he also filled the office of organist at the city’s principal church. Zimmermann died unexpectedly in October 1781 without reaching his 40th birthday, at the height of his compositional activity and popularity in the European repertoire. Considering his life-span, Anton Zimmermann left behind him a relatively extensive com- positional legacy which included almost all the currently popular genres, types and forms. His compositional oeuvre comprises dramatic, especially melodramatic work, numerous symphonic works, concertos for various instruments, valuable chamber work, inventive contemporary light music, and many sacred compositions. There are also...

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