Formen, Funktionen und Wirkungsmacht von Geschlechterkonstruktionen im Nationalsozialismus und ihre Reflexion in der pädagogischen Praxis
Edited By Anette Dietrich and Ljiljana Heise
The analysis of constructions of masculinity is a minor topic in the research on National Social- ism, even though gender – as an intersectional category – is essential on various levels: On the individual level, gender structures the subjective perception and influences behaviour. On a polit- ical, institutional and structural level, gender shaped the organisation of the National Socialist state to a considerable extent. On a symbolic level, it influences discourse and representation of National Socialism. This volume discusses which role gender constructions, especially the con- structions of masculinity, play in regard to the analysis of the history of National Socialism and which insights can be gained by this analysis. The first chapter focuses on constructions of mas- culinity within Nazi Organisations. In what way for example do gender constructions shape the self-perception and self-description of soldiers involved in the war of extermination? The second chapter examines the effects, representations and interpretations of constructions of masculinity, not only during the war but also after 1945. The third chapter deals with the relevance of con- structions of masculinity in the context of persecution and oppression and analyses the construc- tions of masculinity of prisoners in concentration camps. Chapter four discusses the role of the category gender respectively masculinity in education. How does gender shape the interpretation, perception and dealings with the National Socialist past? What could a gender-reflective pedagog- ical concept look like which does not reproduce the heteronormative order? What role does gen- der play in the context of preventive measures against...
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