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Die erste Schrift zur Vergleichenden Erziehungswissenschaft/The First Treatise in Comparative Education

Fridericus Augustus Hechtius: De re scholastica Anglica cum Germanica Comparata (1795–1798)- Lateinisches Original, deutsche und englische Übersetzung/Latin Original, German and English Translation


Edited By Volker Lenhart

Für Komparatisten der Erziehung galt das 1817 publizierte Forschungsprogramm von Jullien bislang als der Beginn der Vergleichenden Erziehungswissenschaft. Aber die Abhandlung über den englisch-deutschen Bildungsvergleich von Hecht ist rund 20 Jahre älter und in einer sozialhistorischen Situation entstanden, als die alteuropäische Ordnung der Nationen und Staaten in die internationale Ordnung der Nationalstaaten überging. Das Buch bietet eine genaue Betrachtung des Textes von Friedrich August Hecht.
Comparatists of education usually assume that the research program published by Jullien in 1817 is the beginning of comparative education. But the text by Hecht comparing English and German school education is about 20 years older. It originates in a socio-historical situation when the old European order of nations and states is transformed into the new international order of nation states. The present volume offers a close look at the treatise by Friedrich August Hecht.


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Summary of the Introduction


The text „De re scholastica Anglica cum Germanica comparata“ (English and German School Education Compared), published in 1795–1798 by the Saxon grammar school principal Friedrich August Hecht (1735–1818), is the first treatise on comparative education� The text was printed as an addition to seven so-called “school programs,” which were invitations to school events such as me- morial ceremonies for deceased sponsors� Only a few copies of the treatise remain preserved at the University Library of Leipzig, the Duchess Anna Amalia-Library at Weimar, and portions of it at the Scottish National Library at Edinburgh, and the Public Library of New York City� The text was considered by comparative education historian William Brickman as “pointing the way to the future” for international educational comparison� The primary approach of the treatise is a comparative analysis of English and German textbooks for Latin and Grammar schools� Hechtius, as he refers to him- self in Latin texts, focuses primarily on Latin and Greek grammar books, diction- aries, and excerpts and commentated editions of works by antique Roman and Greek authors� In the late 1770’s, the English King George III, at the same time Duke of Brunswick-Luneburg, had sent some 80 textbooks in use at the royal schools of Westminster and Eton to the Gottingen philologist Christian Gottlob Heyne who was ordered to review these books and find out which of them could be used for improving the quality of teaching and learning in the Latin schools of the Hannover territories in Germany� In...

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