Kritik – Empirie – Theorie / Festschrift für Mechthild Leutner
Edited By Katja Levy
Jens Damm - An Outline of LGBTQ and Tongzhi Discourses in Taiwan: From the Re-Invented Confucianism of the 1950s to a Glocal Queer Discourse Today
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An Outline of LGBTQ1 and Tongzhi Discourses in Taiwan: From the Re-Invented Confucianism of the 1950s to a Glocal Queer Discourse Today
Abstract: This paper provides a brief overview of Taiwan’s historical discourses on issues of same-sex relations and the ways in which these are perceived, then describes more recent developments and finally considers how increasing cross-Strait integration is shaping and being shaped by these developments.
Taiwan’s LGBTQ discourses, in both academia and the broader public discourse, have certainly been blossoming during the last decade. In academia, this includes institutionalisation – most universities now offer gender-related course programs, and gender-related research projects have been widely supported by various research foundations, such as the Taiwanese National Science Foundation; as well as (since 2014) the Ministry of Science, domestically, and the CKS (Chiang Ching-kuo/Jiang Jingguo) Foundation, internationally. Questions of discrimination, gender-mainstreaming (xingbie zhuliuhua 性別主流化), marriage equality and intersectionality (duoyuan jiaozhixing 多元交織性) as part of a broader queer-theory (ku’er lun 酷兒論) have entered the mainstream press and electioneering. More and more frequently, the work of Taiwanese authors is also being published in English, which has helped to promote the local academic discourse at a global level, while Chinese language publications are paving the way for better interaction with the Chinese-speaking world, particularly with regard to cross-Strait relations. Nevertheless, the Taiwanese academic discourse has been heavily influenced by international developments: the three main waves of women’s and gender discourses studies/research in Taiwan, that is,...
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