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A Solution for Transnational Labour Regulation?

Company Internationalization and European Works Councils in the Automotive Sector

Axel Hauser-Ditz, Markus Hertwig, Ludger Pries and Luitpold Rampeltshammer

This book examines the role that European employee representatives play in the restructuring of firms. In a globalized economy, company internationalization and transnational restructuring are of growing concern for employees and trade unions. In the European Union, the still rather new institution of European works councils provides basic rights for employees. Using examples of eight large automotive manufacturers like Volkswagen, GM or Toyota, the volume analyzes the internationalization strategies of the companies and the effects of European works councils, pointing to a high degree of variation in strategies and effectiveness of cross-border employee representation.
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Chapter 10: Ford of Europe


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Chapter 10:  Ford of Europe

10.1  The Ford Group in Europe

10.1.1  History and characteristics of the Ford Motor Company

The Ford Motor Company, founded on 16 June 1903 by Henry Ford and eleven other shareholders in Dearborn/Michigan, is one of the world’s longest-established automotive companies. With some 179,000 employees at eighty-eight plants (2008) the company operates in 200 markets.218 Its product range encompasses cars, vans and cross-country vehicles, supplemented by its own vehicle related financial services company. Ford Motor Company continues to be effectively controlled by the Ford family through the size of their ownership of voting stock, despite a small holding of overall equity in the company.219

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