Studien zu Jean Amérys politischem Ethos nach Auschwitz
Der Körper als Medium in die Welt nach Auschwitz – Jean Amérys Ethik der Erinnerung und ihre Ursprünge
Abstract: Unlike many survivors of Auschwitz Jean Améry does not consider himself as a witness of the Shoah, but tries to inspire a specific philosophical approach to his lifelong theme. In his essay collections, he encourages a new philosophy in memory of the Shoah and the way it has affected human existence. For the foundation of this new philosophical approach to the memory of Auschwitz, he relies on assumptions of the French phenomenologist Maurice Merleau-Ponty, who claims that the objective world is constituted through the medium of the subjective perception of all individuals. Correspondingly, Améry argues that the wounded perception of the survivors, caused by their approach to the world and themselves through the medium of a wounded body, has to be acknowledged as the first and only point of reference for any attempt to approach the Shoah. Based on his phenomenological understanding of history, Améry constructs a new ethical approach to the human being, to history and to the self in his essay collections, whereupon he consistently turns to his own existential needs as a survivor for orientation. Thus, he eventually unfolds a moral theory in his work, an ethics of memory. In this article, the author introduces the reader to Amérys ethics and explores how the author’s affinity to phenomenological thought and his concept of memory had been fueled by two decisive experiences: firstly, his writing and reading experiences during the nineteen-thirties, which he spent as a twenty-two years-old, aspiring author in...
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