Jahrbuch der Karl-Heim-Gesellschaft- 27. Jahrgang 2014
Volume 27 of the yearbook of the German Karl Heim Society presents a variety of articles concerning the dialogue between theology and the natural sciences. The authors want to show the enduring significance of Karl Heim’s insistence on the dialogue between theology and the natural sciences, and to further the intention of the Karl Heim Society to present a biblical Christian orientation in a world shaped by technology and sciences. Though the contributions are in German, an extensive summary in English is appended to each of them.
Welche Wirklichkeit kommt den Naturwissenschaften in den Blick?
← 48 | 49 →Peter C. Hägele
Abstract: Which reality is considered by the sciences? Many arguments of the New Atheism are based on the sciences. But the natural sciences are overstrained and misused when taken as a materialistic world-view. It is therefore appropriate to have a critical look at the methodology of science. This can be done in quite different ways. Here we discuss an appealing scheme, which Einstein explained to his friend Maurice Solvine in 1952. This so-called EJASE scheme describes the development of fundamental theories in the sciences. Starting with the basis of empirical data E a jump J is necessary to achieve a system of axioms A from which theorems or statements S can be deduced. These theorems have to be compared with the empirical data. The jump J is either stimulated or prevented by so-called themata (Holton), which are guiding ideas, background beliefs or prejudices. Einstein’s scheme is compared with model theory approaches and also with some theories of truth.
Sciences apply mathematical structures, which perfectly match to answer how-questions but neglect other aspects of reality: why-questions, contingency, the first person perspective, aesthetics, ethics, values and purposes. That means that there are many other aspects, which have to be observed in order to comprehend reality. Moreover are there underdeterminations and scopes in interpretation of scientific theories. So it appears that the sciences can be part of different world-views but never a world-view itself.
„Physiker handeln mit Modellen, die – wie sie...
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