How do words allow us to understand these obscure objects that are our emotions? Do various European languages offer the same perspective on this changing reality, when explored by several applied disciplines (language teaching, lexicography, natural language processing)? This volume offers answers by highlighting theoretical and methodological innovations in lexical semantics and discourse analysis.
Contrôle et répression des émotions ( peur, colère) : étude diachronique dans le corpus Frantext (1500–2000) – Matthieu Pierens
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Contrôle et répression des émotions (peur, colère) : étude diachronique dans le corpus Frantext (1500–2000)
This chapter studies how the civilization process observed by Norbert Elias manifests itself linguistically. In doing so, we examine the evolution of constructions expressing the control and repression of two fundamental affects, fear and anger, in the French corpus Frantext between the 16th and the 20th centuries. We note a very strong variation among the constructions according to the time, the literary genre and the nature of the affect. After a period of violent repression of affects in the 16th century, the Classical Age tended to conceptualize the relation that people had towards their feelings as a relation of authority. In the 19th century, violent repression of the affect increased along with a tendency to a deeper control of fear. Finally, in the 20th century, the effort of the experiencer towards her or himself prevailed as well as the control of affects often conceptualized as a flow management.