Komparatistik in der Slowakei
Roman Mikuláš - Konzepte der Literatur als Kommunikation im System
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Konzepte der Literatur als Kommunikation im System1
Abstract: The study concentrates on the reconstruction of discourses on literary communication in German and Slovak literary studies. In German literary studies, discussions on literary communication mostly refer to Niklas Luhmann’s attempts to apply the systems theory to literary studies. In Slovakia, the exploration of literary communication is mainly connected to the Institute of literary communication in Nitra. There are striking conceptual similarities between the system-theory-oriented concepts of literary communication and the semiotic-oriented approaches of the Nitra school. The problem, with respect to the German area, is that in the situation when certain elements of Luhmann’s theory are isolated and integrated into various projects in literary studies, it is not possible to speak of systems-theory literary studies as a homogeneous stream with clear aims and methods. The same also applies to the Nitra school, especially in relation to the additional application of information theory. It seems meaningful to focus on the study of literary/aesthetic communication, which is, however, a long-term project. The study therefore offers only a few explorations to clarify and compare the contribution of system-theory-oriented and semiotic-oriented approaches in literary studies, or, alternatively, the limits of the two apparently different tendencies.
Systemische Ansätze stellen ein eigenes Paradigma innerhalb der modernen Literaturwissenschaft dar, das Heinz von Foerster und andere Wissenschaftler „Systemics“ bzw. Systemik nennen. Es geht in diesem Beitrag allerdings nicht vordergründig um die Spezifik der systemischen Literaturwissenschaft und...
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