Études de linguistique ibéro-romane
Edited By Sophie Azzopardi and Sophie Sarrazin
IGNACIO BOSQUE: Análisis composicional del adverbio siempre
In this article, eight different interpretations of Sp. siempre ‘always’ are distinguished. It is argued that all of them share universal quantification as a common semantic component, so that differences come from the quantified variable. The latter information is obtained from the verbal predicate, some of its arguments, or other elements external to the sentence. It is argued that the separation between shared and unshared components in all these interpretations of the adverb siempre is somehow parallel to a similar distinction currently drawn in present-day interpretations of grammaticalization processes.
Keywords: Temporal adverbs, siempre, grammaticalization
ELISABETH GIBERT SOTELO: De la direccionalidad a la negación: evolución semántica de los verbos desviar y evitar
This paper focuses on the comparative analysis of the conceptual structures associated with the verbs desviar and evitar from a diachronic point of view. Along the evolution, these verbs have developed some meanings that express directionality, as well as a particular value that conveys implicit negation. The present study argues in favour of regarding the meanings implying negation as a derivation from the ones denoting directionality, and puts forward that both kinds of values may be associated to the same conceptual structure.
Keywords: conceptual structure, directed motion verbs, source paths, diachronic semantics.
PATRICIA C. HERNÁNDEZ: Construcción dinámica del sentido, especificación y semántica preposicional: estudio diferencial de las secuencias en...
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