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The Geographies of Canada

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Edited By Rémy Tremblay and Hugues Chicoine

This book offers an extensive and detailed look at the geographies of Canada, one of the largest countries in the world. The contributors consider subjects such as energy, resources, the rise of communications and the knowledge infrastructure, and the ever-expanding socio-cultural context in the twenty-first century, due to increased immigration from non-Anglophone or non-Francophone countries and communities. The volume is set against the historical background of Canada where distances are significant both in physical and symbolic terms.
Each chapter of the book includes review questions that will help instructors to outline student work plans and spark interest in issues such as landscape, politics and change. The volume provides a thorough introduction to Canada while also touching upon contemporary geographical issues.

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Introduction

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The present book outlines the territorial evolution of Canada as both a political and cultural space where 83% of the population lives on small patches of the territory. The book offers a wealth of information on an array of particulars where differences are noticeable throughout the territory, from distribution of immigrants to mother tongues, education level, regional mobility, etc. Readers are invited to discover how Cana- da’s population is aging and how waves of immigration continue to contribute to growth. Territorial awareness appears to be a necessary background when studying Canada. Side by side in the seemingly unending description of such a vast country, one will need to integrate true statements such as: fish was the first major export commodity from the present Canada territory, and public sector employment varies greatly between the provinces and territories. Concerning the Canadian economy it may be argued there are as many economies as there are provinces and territories, yet financial differences between provinces and territories are not larger than they are, in part due to federal gov- ernment transfer payments to the provinces, a long tradition in Canada (Hecht). It was not until 1949 that the final piece of the puzzle, New- foundland, was added to Canada’s political territory, yet the foundation of the new country was achieved in less than a century, creating a territorial foundation which amounted to six times the size of the origi- nal colonies (Nicol). Strategically important territory that extends over lands and waters almost to the North...

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