De l’époque moderne à nos jours
Central European Perspectives of Habsburg Censorship. Vienna and Lombardy-Venetia, c. 1815-1866
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Vienna and Lombardy-Venetia, c. 1815-1866
University of Vienna
During the Congress of Vienna, Habsburg Austria laid claim to the Italian-speaking lands of Lombardy and Venetia. Its reasoning was based on older territorial rights. The Duchy of Milan had belonged to the monarchy since 1714 but was lost in the treaty of Campoformio in 1797. At the same time, the former Republic of Venice had become part of the Habsburg Empire, but it was only a short time until it was turned over to Napoleon in 1805 (Treaty of Pressburg).1 Still, the situation in 1815 was completely different. In the intervening years, Napoleon had created several Italian states, with shifting borders and varying degrees of autonomy : first the Repubblica Cisalpina, then the Repubblica Italiana, finally the Regno d’Italia. It can of course not be argued that these Italian states placed under French rule enjoyed any degree of autonomy. In fact there were considerable hopes on the part of the Italians for a genuine autonomy during the years 1813-15, even with the Habsburgs re-occupying the region. Yet, the restoration of Austria as the hegemonic power in the peninsula must have had a profound impact in 1815.2
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