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Pierre Werner et l’Europe : pensée, action, enseignements – Pierre Werner and Europe: His Approach, Action and Legacy

Elena Danescu and Susana Muñoz

Le centenaire de la naissance de Pierre Werner (1913–2013) a offert une occasion privilégiée d’évoquer la personnalité et l’œuvre de cet homme d’État luxembourgeois qui a marqué de son empreinte le devenir contemporain du Grand-Duché et l’intégration européenne. Réunis lors d’un colloque international qui s’est déroulé les 27 et 28 novembre 2013 à Luxembourg, une trentaine de chercheurs et d’experts réputés d’horizons différents (historiens, économistes, juristes, politologues), ainsi que des grands acteurs de la pensée économique et monétaire ont analysé la vision européenne de Pierre Werner et ont mis en lumière, dans une perspective internationale, l’actualité de ses réflexions face aux défis du XXIe siècle. Sur le plan méthodologique, plusieurs contributions puisent leur originalité dans l’exploitation scientifique des archives familiales Werner. Par le message et les enseignements qu’il délivre, cet ouvrage a pour ambition de contribuer à approfondir l’étude interdisciplinaire de l’Union économique et monétaire sur le long terme et invite les lecteurs à découvrir davantage le projet d’intégration européenne à travers la vision et l’action de l’un de ses promoteurs, Pierre Werner.
The centenary of the birth of Pierre Werner (1913–2013) offered a timely opportunity to reflect on the personality and achievements of this politician from Luxembourg who left his mark on the future of his country and on the European integration process. On 27 and 28 November 2013, some 30 renowned experts and researchers including historians, economists, legal experts and political scientists, together with major players in economic and monetary affairs, assembled in Luxembourg for a conference during which they analysed Pierre Werner’s European vision and offered an international perspective on the relevance of his approach in light of the challenges facing us in the 21st century. Several of the papers provided new insights based on the authors’ exploration of the Werner family archives. The aim of these proceedings is to offer a series of observations and conclusions that encourage further interdisciplinary analysis of Economic and Monetary Union from a long-term perspective and invite readers to find out more about the European integration process through the vision and actions of one of its instigators, Pierre Werner.
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The Future of Economic and Monetary Union in the Light of Pierre Werner’s Legacy

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Jean-Claude TRICHET

President of the European Central Bank (2003-2011)

Pierre Werner always stressed that Economic and Monetary Union was a question of history-making. Indeed, 44 years after the publication of the final report by the Werner Group, 35 years after the date of the proposed start of EMU according to this report and 16 years after the real start of EMU, it is obvious that judging the nature of the European endeavour requires us to analyse it from the perspective of a long-term strategic process which was extremely bold but deeply rooted in European history.

Seen from the other continents, particularly from the new world, it is the boldness which is immediately perceived. Never have so many countries had the audacity to merge their currencies to create from scratch a single currency of the economic size of the United States of America without having a federal budget and an established political federation.

Seen from Europe, from the viewpoint of the countries which were the founding fathers of EMU, it is the long-standing historical process which is emphasised. From this perspective, EMU is a very important step in an ever deeper Union designed to ensure prosperity, stability and peace in a continent devastated by successive wars over the last 200 years. Concentrating on their strategic historical process, the Europeans have a tendency to minimise the extreme technical ambition of EMU.

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