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Key Components of Inclusive Education


Edited By Viktor Lechta and Nad'a Bizová

This monograph links to the monograph "Reflection of Inclusive Education of the 21st Century in Correlative Scientific Fields" (Lechta. V. - Kudláčová, B., Frankfurt: Peter Lang 2013). It should be a summary of the most relevant components of inclusive education and proposals for further development. The co-authors are influential representatives of inclusive education from Slovakia, the Czech Republic, Hungary, Poland and Germany. Structure of authors present their findings from the aspect of pedagogy, psychology, special education, therapeutic education, social pedagogy, history, philosophy, psychology, law, medicine in this field in its transdisciplinary correlation. The monograph is intended mainly for the experts from all the disciplines that participate in the care of people with disabilities, as well as students and parents that are interested in it.

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Medical Component

8. Medical Component


Daniela Ostatníková

Selfish individualism and wasteful consumerism in today’s society provokes discussions about re-building the moral principles and ethics in everyday life to establishing a strong civil society respecting those having special needs or disabilities.

The social system is not paying sufficient attention to marginalised groups in particular to address the problems of people having special needs to the rest of the population in an acceptable way e.g. by special programmes that will teach and prepare children at schools to accept any human with any disability or any particular need. Inclusion is a process based on altruism, and on deep understanding of social interactions with every individual being invited to contribute to general welfare according to his/her possibilities and needs. In the competitive, socioeconomical system rational thinking obviously brings more benefits to an individual compared with empathy and tolerance appreciated in cooperation with people with physical and/ or mental disabilities. The principle of empathy is based on helping those who are weaker even on the expenses of our own losses or slowing down of our professional growths. The biological framework of any individual’s personal growth is the interconnection of emotional and intellectual operations based on genetic and epigenetic influences; however, the most important period of life is prenatal and early postnatal period (Paus 2013).

Personal phenotype observed in an adult human is largely the reflection of pre-natal or early post-natal influences. For making sense of any mental process and behaviour of...

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