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Qualität von Bildung und Kultur- The Quality of Education and Culture

Theorie und Praxis - Theoretical and Practical Dimensions


Edited By Gerd-Bodo von Carlsburg

Dieser Band dokumentiert eine Reihe von Beiträgen der XVI. Internationalen wissenschaftlichen Konferenz Bildungsreform und Lehrerausbildung zum Thema Qualität von Bildung und Kultur – Theorie und Praxis, die von der Pädagogischen Universität Vilnius (VPU) und der Pädagogischen Hochschule Heidelberg gemeinsam konzipiert und veranstaltet wurde. Das Hauptthema der Konferenz war: Bildungs- und Qualitätsstandards der Hochschul- und Schulbildung: humanistische Tradition und Perspektivenwechsel im Bildungs- und Erziehungsbereich unter Berücksichtigung neuer Strukturen des Denkens und Managementstrategien im Hinblick auf die Herausforderungen der Gesellschaft des kommenden Jahrzehnts.
This volume presents contributions of the 16 th International Scientific Meeting on The Reform of Education and Teacher’s Training to the topic The Quality of Education and Culture – Theoretical and Practical Dimensions. The meeting topic was: Combination of the University and High school education: humanistic/classical tradition and change of perspectives in the field of education and schooling under consideration of new structures of the thinking and management strategies with regard to the challenges of the society of the next decade.


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Laughter as an Expression of Neurotic Anxiety and a Chance for Emancipation – according to H. Bergson conception 239


239 Arvydas Liepuonius Laughter as an Expression of Neurotic Anxiety and a Chance for Emancipation – according to H. Bergson conception Annotation: The article is intended for the discussion of laughter as a phenome- non of the expression of neurotic anxiety. With reference to the work of a fa- mous French philosopher H. Bergson “Le rire” (Laughter, 1900), the mecha- nisms of the person’s psychological adaptation are analyzed through different aspects. An important function of laughter in the personality’s psychological di- agnostics is revealed. The article shows that inability to joke, to deceive one’s own social role or situation evidences the psychological problems of a personal- ity, and inability to adequately react to social challenges. Key words: Bergson, laughter, neurotic anxiety, psychological and social adap- tation, psychotherapy. In order to help the neurotic, it is necessary to know him with all his contradic- tions and conflict posture. Psychoanalysis was one of the first schools that pro- vided essential explanation concepts of this health disorder. Neurosis is tradi- tionally associated with superego, displaced contents, unsolved subconscious conflicts, and various reactions of contradictions. Personal tendency to neurosis is determined by the social environment, automatic ambition to follow the stan- dards and conventional behavior directive which are hardly compatible with the personal abyssal aspirations. This results in the complications of a neurotic per- sonality, his inadequate reactions to the phenomena that do not cause any psy- chological problems to others. The neurotic personality of our times is full of uncertainty about the globalization of...

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