Theorie und Praxis - Theoretical and Practical Dimensions
Edited By Gerd-Bodo von Carlsburg
This volume presents contributions of the 16
Laughter as an Expression of Neurotic Anxiety and a Chance for Emancipation – according to H. Bergson conception 239
239 Arvydas Liepuonius Laughter as an Expression of Neurotic Anxiety and a Chance for Emancipation – according to H. Bergson conception Annotation: The article is intended for the discussion of laughter as a phenome- non of the expression of neurotic anxiety. With reference to the work of a fa- mous French philosopher H. Bergson “Le rire” (Laughter, 1900), the mecha- nisms of the person’s psychological adaptation are analyzed through different aspects. An important function of laughter in the personality’s psychological di- agnostics is revealed. The article shows that inability to joke, to deceive one’s own social role or situation evidences the psychological problems of a personal- ity, and inability to adequately react to social challenges. Key words: Bergson, laughter, neurotic anxiety, psychological and social adap- tation, psychotherapy. In order to help the neurotic, it is necessary to know him with all his contradic- tions and conflict posture. Psychoanalysis was one of the first schools that pro- vided essential explanation concepts of this health disorder. Neurosis is tradi- tionally associated with superego, displaced contents, unsolved subconscious conflicts, and various reactions of contradictions. Personal tendency to neurosis is determined by the social environment, automatic ambition to follow the stan- dards and conventional behavior directive which are hardly compatible with the personal abyssal aspirations. This results in the complications of a neurotic per- sonality, his inadequate reactions to the phenomena that do not cause any psy- chological problems to others. The neurotic personality of our times is full of uncertainty about the globalization of...
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