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Strategien der Lehrerbildung / Strategies for Teacher Training

Zur Steigerung von Lehrkompetenzen und Unterrichtsqualität / Concepts for Improving Skills and Quality of Teaching


Edited By Gerd-Bodo von Carlsburg

Der Band dokumentiert eine Reihe von Beiträgen der XX. Internationalen wissenschaftlichen Konferenz Bildungsreform und Lehrerausbildung, die vom Ministerium für Bildung und Wissenschaft der Republik Litauen, der Litauischen Universität für Bildungswissenschaften in Vilnius (LEU) und der Pädagogischen Hochschule Heidelberg – University of Education gemeinsam veranstaltet wurde. Das Hauptthema der Konferenz waren Bildungs- und Qualitätsstandards der Hochschul- und Schulbildung. Dieses Qualitätsmanagement setzt den Erwerb interaktiver Kompetenzen im Bildungs-, Erziehungs- und Sozialisationsbereich voraus, gewissermaßen als innere Kräfte für Basiskompetenzen, die die Befähigung zu Identität ermöglichen im Hinblick auf die Herausforderungen der Gesellschaft des kommenden Jahrzehnts.


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Transformation of Disability into Symbols: Blindness is a Symbol (Vytautas Gudonis)


Vytautas Gudonis Transformation of Disability into Symbols: Blindness is a Symbol Abstract A symbol is a piece or an idea which quite directly symbolises or points to something else. An eye symbolises the sun, all-seeing God’s eye and everlasting watch; on the other hand, it symbolises an evil force. It is a widow of one’s soul and a light of one’s body. Eyes depicted on Buddhist shrines symbolise wisdom and omniscience, and a widely spread belief in an “evil eye” reflects fear to bring disaster by one glance (Bruce-Mitford, 2005); this gives the origin to the need of the “third good eye”. What transformations do proceed when an eye does not see, i.e. in a situation of blindness? In the article the author attempts to answer this question, employing collected reproductions of the fine arts depicting blindness as a symbol. Keywords: disability, symbols, blindness. Introduction In recent decades, Austrian/British historian Ernst Hans Josef Gombrich (1909–2010) concentrated much on depiction of signs and symbols in the fine arts; in 1972 he published his famous study “Symbolic Images”. Also, Miranda Bruce Mitford, a contemporary British art critic, published the book “The Illustrated Book of Signs and Symbols” in 1996. Much less information we find as we narrow down the topic and start dealing with signs and symbols meaning blindness. Usually, by a picture of the blind painters would express and materialise allegories. In many cases an image of the blind is presented as a symbolical embodiment of helplessness, suffer- ing, loneliness,...

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