La fabrique des formes et du sens
Répéter pour persuader. Les formes-sens de la répétition dans l’argumentation
Here we analyse the function of figures of repetition in « great political speeches ». First we demonstrate the necessity to distinguish between ‘substitutive repetition’ as opposed to ‘exact repetition’ in which signifiers are reiterated. The traditional rhetorical taxonomy of repetitive figures is then criticized and an alternative is proposed which allows repetition to be understood as a network. This results in the emergence of a ‘macro-figure’ comprised of figural repetitions, supported by non-figural repetitions. This approach is illustrated by the analysis of repetition in two famous speeches (Charles de Gaulle, Discours de l’Hôtel de ville on the liberation of Paris, and Ernst Reuter’s speech during the Berlin blockade). The complex play of repetitions has a decisive role in allowing these two texts to become ‘monumental speeches’ that transcend their original historical context.
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