Deutschland, Österreich, Osteuropa, England, Belgien und Frankreich
Deutschsprachige Kriegsbilderbücher 1914–1918. Ein Abriss der Themen, Typen und Tendenzen
A great number of picture books dealing with the events of World War I and the conditions of life during that era have been published from1914 until 1918 in Austria and Germany. Although this genre of has attracted the attention of historians and researchers in children’s and young people’s literature especially around the anniversary of the beginning of World War I in 2014, systematic studies relating to a representative text corpus are missing. As a ground work for further comparative studies, this article undertakes to present a survey of the picture book production in German language based on nearly 70 contemporary texts and tries to emphasize the specific forms, topics and themes which characterize the varieties and the development of this type of literature addressed to young readers. It can be shown, that non-fiction books of different kinds and different relations to picture book tradition make up a great part of these publications. An outstanding type of the fictional picture book can be seen in such stories that try to introduce the theme of war to the young audience by children playing war games in a realistic environment or as dream stories. These tales have to be distinguished from a second important variant of the fictional war picture book, which uses children as figures for symbolic representation of contemporary war constellations in a satiric and often explicit propagandistic context. Apart from the principally apologetic and patriotic gesture of all these texts, differences of pedagogical intentions have to be...
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