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Rhetorik und Kulturen

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Michel Lefèvre, Katharina Mucha-Tummuseit and Rainer Hünecke

Aus der Perspektive der Sprach-, Literatur- und Kulturwissenschaft nehmen die Beiträge des Bandes das Zusammenspiel von Rhetorik und Kulturen vom 8.–21. Jahrhundert in den Blick. Rhetorische Konstruktionen tradieren, modifizieren und verweben kulturelle Strömungen als eine spezifische Kompetenz von kulturellem Ausdruck. Die Beiträge sind theoretisch und methodisch vielfältig ausgerichtet. Einige stellen empirische Analysen rhetorischer Gepflogenheiten bereit, die synchron innerhalb eines Systems Bestand haben und dieses konturieren, oder die diachron im Wechsel kultureller Strömungen auftauchen oder verschwinden.
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Rhetoric and culture

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This volume is part of the four year project of the Centre de Recherches et d’Etudes Germaniques (CREG) called “Dominant culture and marginal culture”. Several aspects treated in this issue are already published in the collection Civilisation and History. This volume presents the contributions of the meeting Rhetoric and Culture, which took place in November 2014 in Montpellier and where the the relations between the diversity of cultures and of rhetoric were discussed.

In general, rhetoric is defined as the art of speech, or even as a work of art produced by the ornamentations of texts and discourses. This view reduces rhetoric to figures of style. However, the contributions gathered here discuss and analyse rhetoric primarily as the art of efficient, convincing discourse, and hence, in a way, as the art of political communication. This approach is related to traditional rhetoric and its importance in antique Greek history: In the democracy of Athens rhetoric was an integral part of the political and juridical system of the polis. No one could have done without the art of rhetoric when talking to the assembly of citizens or to the tribunal. This conception of rhetoric as action or instrument of acting allows considering aspects of rhetoric – besides strictly linguistic ones – in an enunciative, pragmatic, communicative, aesthetic and literary way.

Rhetoric in all its dimensions is situated at the heart of cultures. It constitutes a special kind of competence and enables cultures to express themselves through continuing or...

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