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Retour à l’objet, fin du musée disciplinaire ?


Edited By Diane Antille

La fin du musée disciplinaire est-elle possible ? Au vu du retour à l’objet qui s’observe dans les discours scientifiques et muséographiques, cette question paraît devoir à nouveau être posée. Des muséologues, des professionnels des musées, et des chercheurs actifs en Suisse, en France et au Canada, mettent en évidence les différents regards portés sur les objets de musée. Ils discutent comment les disciplines, mais aussi l’histoire des collections et la culture dans laquelle elle s’inscrit, modulent ou non le potentiel pluridisciplinaire des objets. Leurs contributions proposent ainsi diverses façons de penser le retour à l’objet. Musée sans discipline, musée pluridisciplinaire, ou exposition conviant diverses disciplines autour d’une même matérialité sont envisagés.

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Diane Antille

For a polyphonic museum

This introduction reports preliminary discussions leading to the question of revival of the objects inside museums and the potential end of classical disciplinary museums. The opposition between the musée de société and the fine art museum, based on an old-fashioned perspective of art history, is at the core of the essay. By taking into consideration the way in which art history has changed – especially by no longer only considering visual components, but also material one – this introduction suggests that new multidisciplinary project could be considered in museums. History, ethnography, art history, or natural science have the potential to engage in dialogue around objects to provide new and different insights to the citizen visitor.

Yves Bergeron

The origin myths of museology Europe – America

When he became chief curator of the Musée de l’Amérique française in 1992, Yves Bergeron initiated a project on the history of the collections of the Séminaire de Québec and the Université Laval. He traces the history of this public collection, which constitutes the first stage of the first Canadian museum in 1806 and is closely linked to the creation of two national museums: the Musée national des beaux-arts du Québec and the Musée de la civilisation. This research project led him to reconstruct the historical fabric of museums in Canada and more particularly in Québec as a part...

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