Deutsche und koreanische Studien zu Epistemologie, Anthropologie, Ethik und Politischer Philosophie- German and Korean Studies in Epistemology, Anthropology, Ethics and Political Philosophy
Edited By Hong-Bin Lim and Georg Mohr
The contributions in this book are from a transcultural perspective and devoted to problems in epistemology, anthropology, ethics and political philosophy. Under the title Menschsein – On Being Human, Korean and German philosophers discuss topics to do with one world: universal and local discourses about culture and transculturality in the age of globalization, the role of religion, public rationality, transcultural justice, and the universality of human rights.
MENSCH UND KULTUR 149
Mensch und Kultur 151 Byung-Seok Son Is a Human Being a Naturally Political Animal?1 Focusing on Protagoras’ View of Aidos and Dike 1. The Protagoras of Plato’s dialogue portrays a dramatic confrontation between Socrates and Protagoras. The subject matter of the dialogue is the nature of vir- tue (arete) and its relationship to knowledge (sophia or episteme) and its teach- ability. I think that Protagoras’ Great Speech (320c-328d) has an important phi- losophical significance for investigating the question of humanness, i.e., the human nature as human, especially for the teachability of virtue. Therefore, fo- cusing on the two forms, Myth (320c-322d) and Logos (322d-328d), of Prota- goras’ Great Speech, I try to detail and analyze the explicit and implicit nature of two political (or civic) virtues (politike arete), Aidos (shame) and Dike (justice), from the perspective of human nature as a political animal (politikon zoon). In order to achieve this end, I firstly investigate the central problem on the na- ture of Aidos and Dike: whether they are innate or learned. Next, I examine Protagoras’ view of punishment (kolasis), which will demonstrate the teachabil- ity of political virtue from the perspective of moral education. Finally, I explore Protagoras’ Great Speech in order to find some useful meaning of the issue of ‘being human.’ 2. During Socrates’ discussion with Protagoras (309a-320c), Socrates poses the question of what exactly does Protagoras teach. Protagoras’ response is that he offers instruction in precisely what his students want to learn: good judgment (euboulia), both...
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