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objects and ← 29 | 30 → ideas and those that “serve a need of the moment” (1954: 29). The latter they call “nonce-words”, “nonce-phrase”, or “nonce-sense” (1954: 29), acknowledging the fact that multiword lexemes or lexical units are also involved in lexical innovation (see below). When using such words, “[t]he writer is not seriously putting forward his word as one that is for the future to have an independent existence; he merely has a fancy for it once” (1954: 29) and “a writer should not indulge in nonce-words unless he is quite sure he is a good writer” (1954

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the musical notes, Mary Ann Kennedy, who stresses that puirt are dance-tunes first and foremost ( Fonn , 111). 46 Challan, Air Bilean an t-Sluaigh , 14. Translated from Gaelic by the present writer. Her reference is to Melville J. Herskovits, ‘The Study of African Oral Art’, in Richard M. Dorson, ed., Folklore Research Around the World (Bloomington, IN, 1961), 165–70. 47 John Shaw, ‘What Gaels Communicate through Song and Singing’, in Pekka Huttu-Hiltunen et al., eds, Laulu Kulttuurisena Kommunikaationa / Song as Cultural Communication: Proceedings from the

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constitutes a ← 185 | 186 → mirror of local verbal conventions, along with the available symbolic repertoires. A study by Spillner (2006) confirms this: e.g., in South America, death notices often contain names and company logos; the photograph of the deceased person is displayed in Luxembourg, in Francophone Canada and, very frequently, in Africa; in Germany, the separation between the deceased and those surviving him is more specifically indicated through floral symbols, while in the Scandinavian countries this is expressed through birds taking flight; etc. Simeonidou

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authors such as Soler et al (2007: 75) consider some of these complex expressions as common collocations which present a certain amount of stability without being lexicalized; its degree of idiomacity is variable and they should be placed in a continuum. These so-called collocational patterns have been attested to be quite fruitful for the elaboration of dictionaries and terminological databases, according to Soler et al (2007: 75). Our classification into compounding will be influenced by morphological evidence and listedness in dictionaries but also inductive

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] ( ACC : 305). The additional explanation supports the foreignization of ‘blackfellas’, and allows the Australian foreign term to be revealed to the new readership. However, to suggest that ‘blackfellas’ are les gens de couleur [coloured people] denotes, perhaps inadvertently, the presence of negative connotations in the term ‘blackfellas’. Les gens de couleur implicitly carries a connotation of the African American slavery era which significantly alters the meaning being conveyed to the French reader as compared to that which would be understood by an Australian

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–212. Androutsopoulos, Jannis, 2006: “Introduction. sociolinguistics and computer-mediated communication”. Journal of Sociolinguistics 10(4), 419–438. Appel, Christine / Gilabert, Roger, 2002: “Motivation and task performance in a task-based web-based tandem project”. ReCALL 14(1), 16–31. Aragon, Steven. R., 2003: “Creating social presence in online environments”. New Directions for Adult and Continuing Education 100, 57–68. Arich-Gerz, Bruno, 2008: “e-Learning as collaborative effort”. In: Donnerstag, Jürgen / Volkmann, Laurenz (eds): Media and American Studies in the EFL

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, 19, 4, 329–358. Abraham, K., Maitland, A. & Bianchi, S. (2006). Nonresponse in the American time use survey: who is missing from the data and how much does it matter? Public Opinion Quarterly , 70, 5, 676–703. Abrahamsen, E. & Burke-Williams, D. (2004). Comprehension of idioms by children with learning disabilities: Metaphoric transparency and syntactic frozenness. Journal of Psycholinguistic Research , 33, 3, 203–215. Abrahamsen, E. & Shelton, K. (1989). Reading Comprehension in Adolescents with Learning Disabilities: Semantic and Syntactic Effects. Journal of

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language background. She argued that there were benefits not only in terms of language acquisition through increased comprehension but also in exposure to the ‘cultural script’ shared by native American peers. This was an exciting time to be involved in caption research. Cheap and reliable video recorders had become available in the late 1970s, but the initial enthusiasm among language teachers quickly cooled when it became clear that learners were unable to follow the language of most popular programmes and films. Making good use of short clips meant lengthy preparation

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individuation, which crucially interacts with agreement patterns. 2.1 A multifaceted semantic-pragmatic concept: Individuation Individuation is a basic concept in human reasoning. While classifying world entities according to their properties we arrange them on a continuum of individuality on the basis of fundamental cognitive dichotomies such as bounded vs unbounded, measurable vs countable; concrete vs abstract; singular vs plural; specific vs non-specific; agent vs object; topic vs new; definite vs indefinite, human vs non-human; animate vs inanimate and so ← 39 | 40

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York, NY: Cambridge University Press. Bates, Elizabeth; Devescovi, Hernandez, Antonella & Pizzamiglio, Luigi (1995), Gender and lexical access in Italian. Perception and Psychophysics 57, 847–862. Baugh, John (1992), Hypocorrection: Mistakes in production of vernacular African American English as a second dialect. Language and Communication 12, 317–326. Beck, Maria-Luise (1998), SLA and obligatory head movement: English-speaking learners of German and the local impairment hypothesis. Studies in Second Language Acquisition 20, 311–348. Belletti, Adriana (1990