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European Questionnaire for Job Analysis (EQJA)

Theoretical and Methodological Bases

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Edited By Adam Biela

This book shows what kind of theoretical and methodological bases should pertain to contemporary job analysis. The authors describe the European Questionnaire for Job Analysis as a new psychometric and econometric tool to measure the specific job requirements for work efficiency in the particular job positions in a company. Job analysis is primarily an object of interest in work and industrial psychology. However, currently there is an increasing number of interdisciplinary researchers, that is psychologists collaborating with economists, sociologists and other social science representatives, on work position analysis. The attractiveness of such research projects lies both in their theoretical and methodological mutual enrichments of collaborating psychologists and economists as well as in the subsequently increasing work efficiency and job satisfaction of the persons employed on the particular work positions.

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1.4. The Role of Fit Theories in Job Analysis (Tomasz Korulczyk / Natalia Korulczyk)

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Tomasz Korulczyk, Natalia Korulczyk

1.4. The Role of Fit Theories in Job Analysis

Abstract: The following work frames fit theory for job analysis. It presents various theoretical backgrounds of the fit theory, definitions, and types of fit along their coherent classification and the dynamic nature of the concepts. Finally, the text considers the use of EQJA in determining the level of various types of fit.

Even though the group of fit theories does not have a homogenous and clear origin like intelligence theories in psychology, these ideas have a long and venerable history in psychology (Kristof-Brown and Billsberry, 2012; Lewin, 1935; Parsons, 1909; Schneider, 1987). Currently, the fit theory is one of the most influential and fastest growing branches of industrial psychology. There is no single theory of fit in the literature but various definitions, conceptualizations, and operationalizations (Schwab, 1980; Schneider, Kristof-Brown, Goldstein, Smith, 1999; Kristof-Brown, Zimmerman, and Johnson, 2005). However, the fit concepts stem from three primary theorizing roots, popularized in psychology in the last century: (1) interactionism, (2) general systems theory; (3) the ideas of individual scholars.

Job analysis is one of the most fundamental sources of information about the particular profession and should be considered the starting point for further theoretical analysis and information about the activity of practitioners; e.g., before recruitment (Biela et al., 1992). When correctly conducted, job analysis answers the question, “What sort of skills, abilities, traits, and predispositions should a future employee of the particular...

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