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Postmodernism in Estonian Literary Culture

Piret Viires

Postmodernism in Estonian Literary Culture explores the influence of postmodernism on Estonian culture, more precisely its literature. The author takes a look at how postmodernism arrived in the Estonian literary culture and how it took root there, both on a theoretical level and in cultural practices. Obvious parallels emerge with radical cultural changes in post-socialist East-European countries in the early 1990s, which were caused by social transformations. Examples of Estonian postmodernist literary texts are analysed, following the manifestations of postmodernism from the 1950s until the beginning of the 21 st century; the book also tackles ethnofuturism, popular and digital literature, and introduces a universal model which enables to determine postmodernist texts in literature.


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10. The End of Postmodernism


115 10. The End of Postmodernism At the beginning of this book, we established that postmodernism was the most influential intellectual trend of the last third of the 20th century (López, Potter 2001: 3) and has been one of the central trends in Western cultural-theoretical thinking since the 1960s. However, it should be mentioned that now, in the early 21st century, both postmodernity and postmodernism are gradually losing their topicality. Today, in 2012, we have to admit that the early-decade prediction of Potter and López has come true: postmodern society is retreating and the postmodernist theory is on the decline and losing its central role. The start of the postmodern society can be dated to the 1950s and 1960s whereas, the beginning of the disappearance of the postmodern era has been associated with the 11 September 2001 terrorist attacks against the twin towers of the World Trade Center in New York. Directly after the attack, on 24 September, Roger Rosenblatt, for example, wrote in Time magazine that “the age of irony has ended” (see Fish 2002: 27, Hammond 2004). The New York Times columnist Edward Rothstein regarded the 11 September terrorist attack as a challenge to postmodernists and found that this destruction “seems to cry out for a transcendent ethical perspective” (see Hammond 2004). Julia Keller in the Chicago Tribune found that “the end of postmodernism” had arrived, as no postmodernist could possibly retain his views and at the same time “acknowledge the reality of a plane hitting...

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