New Directions, New Challenges
Edited By Stephen Cushion and Richard Sambrook
Chapter 11: Televisual Newspapers? When 24/7 Television News Channels Join Newspapers as “Old Media”
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Televisual Newspapers? When 24/7 Television News Channels Join Newspapers as “Old Media”
In the third quarter of the 20th century, 24/7 television news channels could be classified as a form of “new media”; by the middle of the second decade of the 21st century they were already looking old fashioned (Miller, 2013). Technical developments dating back as far as the 1920s, which helped make possible the introduction of cable-based 24/7 news channels from 1980, subsequently contributed in part to the rapid growth of alternative online media forms with the potential to supplant TV. The uptake from about 2002–2004 of Web 2.0 capacity to host interactive, community-building social media represented an acceleration of change in media forms which threatened to eclipse existing ones. At about the same time, audio and video streaming were positioned as consumer products available on demand through devices connected to the internet. These were accompanied by a shift from wired static to wireless mobile receiving and sending tools. Globally by 2013, the number of television users (5.5bn) was only marginally greater than the number of mobile phone users (5.2bn) (Meeker, 2014: 8). There were also 3bn internet users, two-thirds of them in the developing world (Dragomir and Thompson, 2014: 11). Although 24/7 news channels were almost ubiquitous, the media environments in which they existed and to which they contributed varied considerably.
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