Journalism, Social Media, and the Public Sphere
Gatewatching and News Curation: Journalism, Social Media, and the Public Sphere documents an emerging news media environment that is characterised by an increasingly networked and social structure. In this environment, professional journalists and non-professional news users alike are increasingly cast in the role of gatewatcher and news curator, and sometimes accept these roles with considerable enthusiasm. A growing part of their everyday activities takes place within the spaces operated by the major social media providers, where platform features outside of their control affect how they can post, find, access, share, curate, and otherwise engage with news, rumours, analysis, comments, opinion, and related forms of information.
If in the current social media environment the majority of users are engaged in sharing news; if the networked structure of these platforms means that users observe and learn from each other’s sharing practices; if these practices result in the potential for widespread serendipitous news discovery; and if such news discovery is now overtaking search engines as the major driver of traffic to news sites—then gatewatching and news curation are no longer practiced only by citizen journalists, and it becomes important to fully understand the typical motivations, practices, and consequences of habitual news sharing through social media platforms.
Professional journalism and news media have yet to fully come to terms with these changes. The first wave of citizen media was normalised into professional journalistic practices—but this book argues that what we are observing in the present context instead is the normalisation of professional journalism into social media.
- About the author
- About the book
- This eBook can be cited
- Advance Praise for Gatewatching and News Curation
- Table of Contents
- Chapter 1. Introduction
- Coming Up in the News
- Platforms of the Social News Media Network
- A Study in Precarity
- Chapter 2. From Gatekeeping to Gatewatching: The First Wave of Citizen Media
- Key Elements of Citizen Journalism
- Gatewatching, Not Gatekeeping
- Collaborative Online News Production
- Unfinished News
- The First Wave of Citizen Media
- Parasites or Para-Journalists? Citizen Journalism and the Mainstream Media
- Embracing the People Formerly Known as the Audience
- Protecting the Journalistic Profession through Boundary Work
- The Gradual Normalisation of Citizen Journalism Elements
- Beyond the First Wave of Citizen Media
- Enter Social Media
- Chapter 3. #BREAKING: Social News Curation during Acute Events
- News Breaks on Twitter
- The Dynamics of Breaking News on Social Media
- Ad Hoc Emergence
- Selective Repetition through Gatewatching
- Gatewatching as a Collective and Collaborative Practice
- The Structuration of Social News Curation Communities
- Social News Curation, Social News Framing
- A Cycle of Interaction between Journalistic Reporting and Social Curation
- Reintermediating the News: A First Draft of the Present
- Chapter 4. Random Acts of Gatewatching: Everyday Newssharing Practices
- From Acute Events to Everyday Engagement
- Random, Serendipitous, Habitual News Engagement
- Motivations for Newssharing
- Newssharing Practices
- Networks of Newssharing
- Newssharing as Performance
- Newssharing as a Demotic Practice
- From Demotic Newssharing to Habitual News Curation
- Personal Curation
- Social Recommendations
- Topical Clustering
- The Emergence of Niche Authorities
- Beyond the Political
- Demotic. Democratic?
- Industry Responses to Habitual Newssharing
- Chapter 5. Meet the Audience: How Journalists Adapt to Social Media
- Towards the Normalisation of Social Media
- Journalistic Uses of Social Media
- Promoting Stories
- Curating Content
- Personal Branding
- Connecting with Sources
- Monitoring Developments
- Engaging with Audiences
- Social Media and Journalistic Disclosure Transparency
- Chapter 6. Management and Metrics: The News Industry and Social Media
- Standardising Social Media Activities
- Addressing Personal Branding
- Measuring Audience Engagement
- Shaping News Content
- From Metrics of Popularity to the Populism of Metrics?
- Atomising the News, Deliberately
- Mobile News Users, Mobile News Workers
- The Normalisation of Journalism
- Social Media as Tertiary Spaces for the News
- Rethinking Journalistic Ideals
- Networking the Spaces for Journalism
- Platform Power
- Chapter 7. Hybrid News Coverage: Liveblogs
- Liveblogs as a Hybrid Format
- From Social News Curation to Curated Social Media Content
- Liveblogs and Their Audiences
- Between Mainstream and Social Media
- Liveblogs as Public Journalism?
- Liveblogs and Beyond
- Situating Liveblogs in the News Ecology
- Chapter 8. New(s) Publics in the Public Sphere
- Social Media and Everyday Public Debate
- Social Media as Third Spaces in a Hybrid Media System
- Beyond ‘the’ Public Sphere
- Towards Filter Bubbles and Echo Chambers?
- Understanding Social Media Publics
- Studying the Interplay of Publics
- A New Agenda for Public Sphere Research
- Conclusion: A Social News Media Network
- The Journalist as Gatekeeper, Gatewatcher, and Curator
- Algorithmically and Communally Curated Flows of News
- News and Its Users
- An Industry in Transformation
- Towards a Social News Media Network
- Series index
Library of Congress Cataloging-in-Publication Data
Names: Bruns, Axel, author.
Title: Gatewatching and news curation: journalism,
social media, and the public sphere / Axel Bruns.
Description: New York: Peter Lang, 2018.
Series: Digital formations, vol. 113 | ISSN 1526-3169
Includes bibliographical references and index.
Identifiers: LCCN 2017014132 | ISBN 978-1-4331-3321-3 (hardcover: alk. paper)
ISBN 978-1-4331-3320-6 (paperback: alk. paper) | ISBN 978-1-4331-4397-7 (ebook pdf)
ISBN 978-1-4331-4398-4 (epub) | ISBN 978-1-4331-4399-1 (mobi)
Subjects: LCSH: Online journalism. | Blogs. | Journalism—Objectivity.
Classification: LCC PN4784.O62 B78 2018 | DDC 070.4—dc23
LC record available at https://lccn.loc.gov/2017014132
Bibliographic information published by Die Deutsche Nationalbibliothek.
Die Deutsche Nationalbibliothek lists this publication in the “Deutsche
Nationalbibliografie”; detailed bibliographic data are available
on the Internet at http://dnb.d-nb.de/.
© 2018 Peter Lang Publishing, Inc., New York
29 Broadway, 18th floor, New York, NY 10006
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons
Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 United States License.