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Internal Migration

Challenges in Governance and Integration

Edited By Shane Joshua Barter and William Ascher

Internal Migration: Challenges in Governance and Integration focuses on the challenges associated with internal migration across the developing world. While international migration captures significant attention, less attention has been paid to those migrating within recognized national borders. The sources of internal migration are not fundamentally different from international migration, as migrants may be pushed by violence, disasters, state policies, or various opportunities. Although they do not cross international borders, they may still cross significant internal borders, with cultural differences and perceived state favoritism generating a potential for "sons of the soil" conflicts. As citizens, internal migrants are in theory to be provided legal protection by host states, however this is not always the case, and sometimes their own states represent the cause of their displacement. The chapters in this book explain how international organizations, host states, and host communities may navigate the many challenges associated with internal migration.

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2. Preventing and Responding to Sexual and Gender-Based Violence in and Around South Sudan’s Protection of Civilian (POC) Sites (Alicia Elaine Luedke)

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2. Preventing and Responding to Sexual and Gender-Based Violence in and Around South Sudan’s Protection of Civilian (POC) Sites

Alicia Elaine Luedke1

University of British Columbia

As the world continues to fixate on the global refugee and migrant crisis, it is easy to lose sight of the fact that many of the people fleeing from violence and persecution remain displaced within their own borders as internally displaced persons (IDPs). While their reasons for flight might be the same as refugees, IDPs stay in their country of origin with governments bearing primary responsibility for their safety and security—even when their own governments are the very reason they have had to flee their homes. Life inside IDP settlements unfortunately does not always provide individuals and communities with the sanctuary they need and many segments of the population, particularly vulnerable groups, including women and girls, face numerous risks, such as sexual and gender-based violence. This chapter makes it clear that, just because they remain in their home country, the situation faced by internally displaced persons is no less dire than that faced by international refugees.

Although sexual violence in situations of conflict and insecurity has received increasing interest and attention in recent decades, the kinds of sexualized and gendered violence that result from internal displacement are sometimes overlooked. This generates what has been referred to as a “hierarchy of harm,” or “hierarchy of atrocity” where the less publicized forms of violence that...

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