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The Ethics of the Stoic Epictetus

An English Translation, Revised Edition


William O. Stephens

This text remains the only English translation of Bonhöffer’s classic, definitive examination of Epictetus’s ethics. Thorough, knowledgeable, perceptive, and accessible, the unity of this book and its thematic presentation make it an invaluable resource for both scholars and general readers eager to apply Stoic thinking in their daily lives. The translation is crisp, clear, consistent, and very readable. Careful attention to the details and nuances of the German as well as the Greek of Epictetus make this an excellent achievement. This new edition includes a useful biography of Bonhöffer, a new overview of the last twenty years of scholarship on Epictetus, and an extensive bibliography. It is essential reading for students taking courses on ancient Hellenistic or Roman philosophy, their instructors, and any non-academics who want to learn Stoicism.

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Greek Subject Index


The page numbers listed below are those of Bonhöffer’s original. In the translation they appear boldfaced within square brackets, e.g. [48]. (Tr.)


ἀγάπησις, contentment, resignation (species of the βούλησις), 48, 48n.

ἄγνοια (inscientia), as cause of sin 95, 103, 135n.

ἀγχίνοια, circumspection, tact (species of φρόνησις = ἕξις εὑρετικὴ τοῦ καθήκοντος αὐτόθεν), 182, 214.

ἀγωγή, κακή, bad training or habituation, as cause of πάθη and sin, 135n.

ἀγωνιᾶν, 48, 48n.

ἀδιάστροφος see ἀφορμή.

ἀδιαφορία, adiaphoria, indifferent conduct toward what is external, 17, 185, 233.

ἀδιάφορον, α, adiaphora, 21, 22 and often, 169–174, 177 etc. passim.

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