In order to understand the political structure and stability in the Islamic Republic of Iran, the nature of the Islamic judicial system in the country must be analysed. This book undertakes this responsibility and is the first comprehensive study of structurally deep-rooted corruption in the Islamic judiciary system. The findings of this research show that corruption in the judiciary is widespread in breadth and depth. This corruption has infiltrated every sector of the Islamic regime to the point where it impacts the day-to-day routine of the Iranian people.
Without a doubt, the influence of the Supreme Leader on the judiciary is the most prominent factor in the formation of judicial corruption and its epidemical spread to other parts of the government. This judicial corruption has calamitous consequences on Iranian society and has endangered society’s security. It has infringed on human rights, caused a dwindling economy, devalued the rule of law, and delayed social progress in the country.
This book will be of interest to students of legal studies, political science, Islamic studies, sociology, or religious studies. The book also provides precious insights for journalists, civil service employees, decision-makers, and all of those who are interested in discovering the reason for brutality in the Islamic judiciary. The book also provides useful information for the learned societies and research centres that are concentrated on Iranian studies, criminology, good governance, rule of law, and criminal justice systems.
Chapter 5: Data Analysis
In this chapter, the results of the interviews will be analysed based on previous studies into corruption. A detailed description of the category system is presented in Appendix. The most important points that these witnesses have given to their interviews are mentioned in Appendix.
A total of 28 interviewees were interviewed by the author during this research. A detailed interview was carried out with seven lawyers, two journalists, a former member of parliament, two judges and fourteen witnesses who had direct experience of judicial corruption. This research presents a clear picture of the judiciary. A list of interviewees is displayed in the following table:
Table 5.1: List of interviewees. Source: Author.
R/P: Real name/pseudonym
Public Perception of the Islamic Judiciary
In order to understand judicial corruption, it is important to evaluate public perception about the judiciary, because public perception is an important factor for judges or court staff to define themselves. If judges or court staff see themselves as a respectable part of society, they are less likely to commit corrupt acts.
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