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Tertullian’s Use of the Pastoral Epistles, Hebrews, James, 1 and 2 Peter, and Jude

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Mark A. Frisius

In Tertullian’s Use of the Pastoral Epistles, Hebrews, James, 1 and 2 Peter, and Jude, Mark A. Frisius establishes that Tertullian (a third-century theologian) only used the Pastoral Epistles, Hebrews, and 1 Peter, although he at least knew of Jude. It is further demonstrated that he had no knowledge of James or 2 Peter, which has a distinct bearing on the emergence of the New Testament canon. Tertullian interprets these five texts in various ways, but always with an eye toward confrontational discourse. The author assesses Tertullian’s varying interpretive principles and also considers the effects of Montanism on his interpretive procedures. In conclusion, Frisius demonstrates that the Pastoral Epistles, Hebrews, and 1 Peter provided Tertullian with significant material for his theological controversies. This book, in addition to being a resource for scholars, is also useful in senior level and graduate courses on ancient biblical interpretation.

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Appendix Three: Pre-Montanist and Montanist Works 165

Extract

APPENDIX THREE Pre-Montanist and Montanist Works The generally accepted date for Tertullian‘s migration to Montanism is 207, although he was most likely engaged with certain elements of Montanism before this date.1 This appendix separates his works into the categories of Pre- Montanist and Montanist, based on the categories outlined by Barnes.2 Beyond these classifications, no attempt has been made to place Tertullian‘s work in chronological order. Pre-Montanist Works Montanist Works Apologeticum De anima De baptismo De carne Christi De cultu feminarum De corona Adversus Hermogenem De exhortatione castitatis Adversus Iudaeos De fuga Ad nationes De jejunio De oratione Adversus Marcionem De paenitentia De monogamia De patientia De pallio De praescriptione haereticorum Adversus Praxean Scorpiace De pudicitia De spectaculis De resurrectione mortuorum De testimonio animae Ad Scapulam Ad Uxorem Adversus Valentinianos De virginibus velandis

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