Show Less

Evolutionism in Eighteenth-Century French Thought

Series:

Mary Efrosini Gregory

This book examines how eight eighteenth-century French theorists – Maillet, Montesquieu, La Mettrie, Buffon, Maupertuis, Diderot, Rousseau, and Voltaire – addressed evolutionism. Each thinker laid down a building block that would eventually open the door to the mutability of species and a departure from the long-held belief that the chain of beings is fixed. This book describes how the philosophes established a triune relationship among contemporary scientific discoveries, random creationism propelled by the motive and conscious properties of matter, and the notion of the chain of being, along with its corollaries, plenitude and continuity. Also addressed is the contemporary debate over whether apes could ever be taught to speak as well as the issue of race and the family of man.

Prices

Show Summary Details
Restricted access

Bibliography 321

Extract

Bibliography  PRIMARY SOURCES Aristotle. History of Animals: Books I-III. Translated by A.L. Peck. Cambridge, MA: Har- vard University Press, 1965. ———. History of Animals: Books VII-X. Edited by D. M. Balme. Cambridge, MA: Har- vard University Press, 1991. ———. Metaphysics: Books I-IX. Translated by Hugh Tredennick. Cambridge, MA: Har- vard University Press, 1933. ———. Metaphysics: Books X-XIV. Translated by Hugh Tredennick. Cambridge, MA: Har- vard University Press, 1935. ———. Parts of Animals. Translated by A. L. Peck. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1937. Buffon, Georges-Louis Leclerc de. Histoire naturelle, general et particulière. 15 vols. Paris: Imprimerie royale, 1749–1767. ———. Histoire naturelle, générale et particulière; Supplément 17 vols. Paris: Imprimerie royale, 1774–1789. ———. Natural History, General and Particular. Translated by William Smellie. 9 vols. 2nd Edition. London: W. Strahan and T. Cadell, 1785. Le Code noir, ou recueil d’édits, déclarations et arrêts, concernant la discipline & le commerce des esclaves nègres des Isles françaises de l’Amérique in Recueils de réglemens, édits,déclarations et arrêts, concernant le commerce, l’administration de la justice, & la police des colonies françaises de l’Amérique, & les engagés, avec la code Noir et l’addition audit code. Vol. 2. Paris: Librairies Associez, 1745. Descartes, René. Œuvres et Lettres. Edited by André Bridoux. Paris: Gallimard, 1953. ———. The Philosophical Writings of Descartes. Translated by John Cottingham, et al. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1991. ———. Principles of Philosophy. Translated and annotated by Valentine Rodger Miller and Reese P. Miller. Dordrecht: Kluwer Academic...

You are not authenticated to view the full text of this chapter or article.

This site requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books or journals.

Do you have any questions? Contact us.

Or login to access all content.