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The Viennese Socrates

Karl Popper and the Reconstruction of Progressive Politics

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Philip Benesch

The Viennese Socrates: Karl Popper and the Reconstruction of Progressive Politics examines Karl Popper’s attempt to develop a political theory that draws upon Socratic fallibilism and commitment to ethical autonomy while preserving progressive sociological insights and commitment to activism. Philip Benesch argues that Popper’s critique of Marxist theory is largely an endeavor to separate its progressive-activist core from its positivist and uncritical-rationalist entanglements. The author defends Popper against the charges of positivism and scientism leveled by the Frankfurt School, among others. Although he is in no sense an apologist for Popper’s commentary on the classical tradition of philosophy, Benesch contends that Popper’s philosophical contribution is of classical breadth and significance and that it continues and advances «the great conversation» that is the substance of the classical tradition.

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Index 279

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Index Abstract society 13, 19, 75, 115, 121– 123, 220 Adorno, Theodor 1, 14, 19, 141, 144–146, 150–152, 164, 218, 220, 252, 258 Dialectic of Enlightenment 144, 220, 253–255 Positivist Dispute / Tubungen 150- 152, 252 Antipsychologism 17, 19, 105, 114, 152, 153, 158 Psychologism 154, 164, 272 (cf. Psychology; Subjectivity) Appeasement 17, 207 Aristocracy, aristocratic 11, 63, 78, 89, 93, 130, 171, 173, 174, 176, 177, 182, 193, 202, 249, 262, 263 Aristotle, 11, 78, 97, 129, 139, 171, 173– 175, 184, 186, 196, 246, 259, 264 Aristotelianism 10, 96–97, 98, 103, 232 Athens and Athenians 2, 5, 14, 33, 80, 82, 129, 130, 169, 172–177, 182, 185, 188, 189, 196, 211, 232, 259–263 Austria, Austrian 6, 21, 22, 24–26, 36, 45, 46, 60, 69, 70, 73, 74, 76–88, 135, 152, 192, 195, 201, 207, 218, 220– 221, 231–234 (cf. Vienna) Authoritarian, authoritarianism 8–9, 11, 15, 18, 22, 26, 73–76, 78, 81–88, 93, 130, 132, 167, 170–171, 177, 192, 220, 234, 246 Bartley, William, 81, 140, 220, 227, 233, 239, 245, 248, 251 Bernstein, Eduard, 23, 45–46, 67, 221, 225–226, 229 Bohm-Bawerk, Eugen, 60, 152 Bourgeois, bourgeoisie 9, 22, 25, 29, 35, 36, 40, 48–50, 56, 63–65, 67, 90, 145, 151, 184 Braunthal, Alfred, 25, 45–46, 229 Capital, capitalism 6–8, 12, 13, 22, 23, 28, 30, 36, 37, 40, 42, 43, chapter 2 (45–72), 83, 134, 150, 153, 154,...

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