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Accomplices

Churchill, Roosevelt and the Holocaust

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Groth

This volume asserts that there was tacit cooperation in the Nazi extermination of the Jewish population of Europe by British Prime Minister Winston Churchill and American President Franklin D. Roosevelt during the Second World War. Although the Allies publicly recognized the Nazi massacre of the Jews in the London Declaration of December 17, 1942, the policies they pursued allowed the genocide to continue. They did so, the author claims, in three ways: (1) refusal to publicly and personally speak about and against the Nazi extermination of the Jews; (2) refusal to commit even one soldier, one plane, or one warship to any forcible opposition to the «Final Solution» throughout the Second World War; and (3) obstruction of Jewish escape from Hitler’s Europe. This book explores the motivation for the policies Churchill and Roosevelt pursued.

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8. Epilogue 279

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Chapter 8: Epilogue Among those who played critically important positive roles in the otherwise tragic history of the Holocaust were, above all, private persons who helped Hitler’s Jewish victims. One such man was the marvelous American, Varian Fry. There were people who altruistically risked their lives and often the lives of their families to hide or assist Jews in Europe during the years of the Holocaust. Many of these, like Jan Karski, were inhabitants of the countries occupied or controlled by the Nazis, some, like Raoul Wallenberg or Japa- nese consul Chiune Sugihara, or Oskar Schindler, were citizens or officials of neutral or even Axis countries who, acting out of sympathy and compas- sion, helped Jews to escape and survive. Many of these people have been given public recognition by the State of Israel at Yad Vashem. In the nature of things, it is likely that many such heroic persons have remained unknown and unrecognized after the War. It is virtually common knowledge that in some European countries, given very high levels of popular anti-Semitism, heroic rescuers did not wish to be publicly recognized for what they had done during the 1940’s. Recognition, they reasonably feared, would bring them not praise but hostility and reprisals from their fellow citizens and neighbors. A second important category of persons whose courage and sacrifice helped save the Jews of the world from Hitler’s predation were all those who, at the risk and cost of life and limb, fought the Nazis and their allies...

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