6 Conclusion 159
CHAPTER SIX Conclusion he political arena in Israel during the 8th c. B.C.E. was dominated by the concerns and rhetoric of masculinity. Literature from the Bible and other Ancient Near Eastern sources is replete with lan- guage and images that both assume and shape certain norms of masculin- ity. Much of the rhetoric works on the basis that men want to be per- ceived as conforming to those norms, and thus threatening that they will fall short of those norms is an effective motivator. Treaty curses, victory inscriptions, and prophetic oracles all employ imagery that resonates with conceptions of masculinity. The prophetic oracles in Hosea show some variation in that they encourage the human leaders to accept a non- optimal masculinity with respect to YHWH. Masculinity in the ANE included several elements: potency, which itself contains political, military, economic, and sexual components, the ability to provide protection and the necessities of life to one’s depen- dents, and honor, which includes displaying honesty, upholding justice, and providing proper guidance to one’s dependents and subjects. There are thus many different images that can be interpreted through the lens of masculinity. To aid in analyzing how the rhetoric of masculinity works in the various images in Hosea, both those that are clearly related to gender and those that are not, I utilized a model from cognitive anthro- pology that examines how metaphors position people in social space. This social space was defined by the axes of activity, potency, and good- ness and showed...
You are not authenticated to view the full text of this chapter or article.
This site requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books or journals.
Do you have any questions? Contact us.Or login to access all content.