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Matriarchal Societies

Studies on Indigenous Cultures Across the Globe

Heide Göttner-Abendroth

This book presents the results of Heide Goettner-Abendroth’s pioneering research in the field of modern matriarchal studies, based on a new definition of «matriarchy» as true gender-egalitarian societies. Accordingly, matriarchal societies should not be regarded as mirror images of patriarchal ones, as they have never needed patriarchy’s hierarchical structures of domination. On the contrary, matriarchal patterns are socially egalitarian, economically balanced, and politically based on consensus decisions. They have been created by women and are founded on maternal values. This new perspective on matriarchal societies is developed step by step by the analysis of extant indigenous cultures in Asia, Africa, and the Americas.

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Index 505

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Adat, 164, 165, 167, 169–70, 171, 172, 173 Adat Ibu, 170 Adena culture, 297–98, 299 Adivasi, 357–58 Adodaroh, 301–3 adoption, of prisoners of war, 308 adultery, 413 Africa animal-breeding cultures in, 384–88 Bantu, 366–69 continuation of traditional religions in, 449 culture, 365–66 European view of, 365–66 female circumcision in, 385 introduction of patriarchy into, 386 maintenance of matriarchal cultures in, 386 migrations into, 367, 394–97 patriarchalization in, 376 polyandry in, 97 spread of Islam in, 395, 411 women in, 413 See also queen-kingship, African; queen mothers; queens, matriarchal; individ- ual cultures agrarian societies, 456 agriculture in Africa, 367 in Arawak culture, 217 Bemba, 370 of Circum-Caribbean region, 241 development of in Americas, 231, 233, 236 and festivals, 292, 461, 467 Hopi, 270 in Iroquois culture, 306, 312, 313, 321 in Juchitán, 255 in Kuna culture, 245 in Luapula society, 379 in matriarchies, 63, 126, 388 migrating cultivation, 370 Parayan, 339 in Pueblo cultures, 272 Index 6_Goettner_Abendroth ch 16 thu end_t5 2/28/2012 10:06 AM Page 505 rice paddy, 119, 132, 148 Three Sisters, 312 of Tuareg, 437 Agriculture King, 451 Ahaggaren, 442 See also Tuareg Ahaggar Federation, 445 Ahal, 432–33, 454 Ahenemma, 405 Ainu culture beliefs of, 155, 156–58 decline of, 154 economy of, 158 genealogy of, 155 geography of, 153 hearth in, 157 on Kuriles, 154–56 maintenance of traditions, 154–56 shamans in, 155, 157–58 similarities to Mongol peoples, 157, 158 similarities...

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