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Exile and Identity in Autobiographies of Twentieth-Century Spanish Women


Karla P. Zepeda

In Exile and Identity in Autobiographies of Twentieth-Century Spanish Women, Karla P. Zepeda studies the experience of exile and its effects on identity in three autobiographies: In Place of Splendor by Constancia de la Mora, Memoria de la melancolía by María Teresa León, and Seis años de mi vida by Federica Montseny. These three prominent Spanish women of the Second Republic became exiles at the conclusion of the Spanish Civil War due to the onset of the Francisco Franco regime. The political expatriation caused their relocation into various countries: the United States, France, Argentina, and Italy. The repositioning initiated a process of self-reinvention, as the women come in contact with social circumstances prompting new versions of self. Through their works, these women negotiate their identity in relation to the lost homeland and the new locale. Exile and Identity in Autobiographies of Twentieth-Century Spanish Women examines the diverse character of diaspora, the social transactions deployed in a variety of circumstances, and the self-negotiations elicited in social interactions. Identity proves to be an intentional re-creation of self, enacted in particular circumstances, and negotiated as a response to social conditions.


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Acknowledgments ix


Acknowledgments It does take a village to raise an academic, thus some words of ap- preciation are in order. This book began as part of my dissertation research at the University of Connecticut, but it was concluded due to the help and support I received at Indiana University-Purdue University Fort Wayne. I must give special thanks to Dr. Laurie Corbin at IPFW; her support and guidance made this book possible. I also wanted to express my appreciation to those at IPFW who helped to fund this project: Dean Carl N. Drummond and the College of Arts and Sciences, the Department of International Language and Cul- ture Studies, and the Office of Research, Engagement, and Spon- sored Programs. In addition, I would like to express my gratitude to the staff at Document Delivery Services at Walter E. Helmke Library at IPFW, the Interlibrary Loan Office at Homer Babbidge Library at the University of Connecticut, and the Archives staff at the Franklin D. Roosevelt Presidential Library and Museum. Most importantly, I would like to recognize the support that I have received from family and friends. In great part, this book was inspired by the experiences of my parents. As Nicaraguan exiles in Miami, Florida, I saw the manner they redefined themselves in a new country, as they had previously done through the tumultuous experiences of the earthquake of 1972, the Nicaraguan Revolution of 1979, and the subsequent communist regime. I grew up listen- ing to stories of conflict and the human response...

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