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The Many Faces of Defeat

The German People's Experience in 1945

Series:

Edward N. Peterson

This book examines the great variety of experiences of the German people at the end of World War II, beginning with the frightening bombings, the passage of armies, the imprisonment of soldiers and civilians, the troop occupation of each of five separate zones, plus Berlin and Königsberg, and their impact on the defeated. This experience ranged from a liberation from the SS, to an enormous relief that the war's killing was over, to the rapings of women, particularly in the east, to a massive looting and destruction, again worst in the east, and the expulsion of millions from their ancestral homes. The beginnings of recovery and self-government in the four zones, moving particularly quickly in the American zone. The fundamental result everywhere: Hunger.

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INDEX 365

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Index Adenauer, Konrad, 54, 159 Africans,44, 131,340,346 Algerian, 132 f, 140 Allied Control Council, 91, 105, 108, 329 Altner, Helmut, 155 ff American PWs, 9, 16, 19f Annan, Col. 90, 99 Anti-American sentiment, 17, 106 f Anti-Semitism, 51, 279, 349 Atom bomb, 175 Attlee, Clement, 59, 61-64, 92 Auschwitz, 10, 30, 73, 201, 325, 328, 346 Automatic arrest, 93 Backnang County, 43 ff Bacque, James, 27, 36, 111,202 Bad Kreuznach, 33 ff Bad Oeynhausen, 90 Baden Baden, 108, 141 f, 130 Bahrens, Kurt. 194 Barkow, Pomerania, 313 ff Barnett, Corelli, 15, 60 Behavior Modification, 341,344, 347 f Belsen, 10, 35, 63, 73, 74, 346 Bembenek, Ursula 78 Bentinck, Cavendish, 275 f, 278 280, 282f, 304, 328, 331 Berlin, 64f, 94, 153 ff, 241, 266 Bersarin, N.E., 166 f Bevin, Ernest, 61 f, 94 Bielefeld, 76 ff, 82 ff Billote, 135, 143 Blacks, 42, 44, 48, 79, 123, 132, 240,340 Black market, 44, 48, 50, 165, 178, 243, 247, 277, 342, 347 f Bohme, Kurt. 27f, 31, 35, 111, 194 Bokow, General, 155, 159 Boveri, Margaret, 156, 157, 163, 165, 167 Brackwede, 77, 79 Breslau, 296, 324, 328, 330, 333 335 ' Brett-Smith, Richard, 93 f, 163, 171, 240 British Control Commission 92 Brooke, Alan, 62 ' Brothels, 79, 165, 168, 341 Bruchsal, 45 ff, 130 Buber, Margaret, 200,234 Buchenwald, 17,240,251,266 f Buechner, Howard, 29 Byrnes, 17, 105 CARE packages, 83 Castendyck, Giselher 126, 134 Churchill, Winston, 57, 59 ff, 103,...

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