An Entrepreneur, Race Woman and Outlaw in Early Twentieth Century Harlem
Upon arrival in the United States St. Clair did not conduct her life in the manner expected of a black female Caribbean immigrant in the early twentieth century. What factors influenced St. Clair’s decision to become an entrepreneur and activist within her community? Why did St. Clair describe herself as a «lady» when ladies did not run illegal businesses and they were not black? These questions are explored along with her lineage – a lineage that contains the same fighting spirit that she carried throughout her life. This is not the story of a victim.
Courses concerned with the study of social and economic conditions of black urban residents during the early twentieth century and female entrepreneurs of the same era will find St. Clair’s story compelling and informative.
) ISBN 978-1-4331-2386-3 (paperback) ISBN 978-1-4539-1272-0 (e-book) ISSN 1947-5985 Bibliographic information published by Die Deutsche Nationalbibliothek. Die Deutsche Nationalbibliothek lists this publication in the “Deutsche Nationalbibliografie”; detailed bibliographic data are available on the Internet at http://dnb.d-nb.de/. Front cover photo: Stephanie St. Clair Hamid in Custody © Bettmann/CORBIS Back cover author photo: Courtesy of Simone V. Stewart. All rights reserved. © 2014 Peter Lang Publishing, Inc., New York 29 Broadway, 18th floor, New York, NY 10006 www.peterlang.com All rights reserved. Reprint or reproduction, even partially, in all forms such as microfilm, xerography, microfiche, microcard, and offset strictly prohibited. This work is dedicated to Ida, Daisy, Daphne and Marjorie The Grandmothers, Simone The Daughter, And all the Caribbean women of my youth who made me stop and think before I said or did something stupid. I didn’t always listen but I appreciated the effort. Outlaw women are fascinating—not always for their behavior, but because historically women are seen as naturally disruptive and their status is an illegal one from birth if it is not under the rule of men. Foreword to Sula by Toni Morrison
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