Affirmation and Resistance
1. Arab American writers come mainly from Lebanon, Jordan, Syria and Palestine, with Lebanon being the first country of origin of Arab immigrants to the United States (39% of Arab Americans are of Lebanese descent).
2. Laura Mulvey examined the male gaze over females in her study of cinema in her famous article “Visual Pleasure and Narrative Cinema.”
Chapter One: (De)Constructing Arab Masculinities in the United States: The Racialization and Sexualization of Arab Masculinity in America
1. The Arab League was created in 1945 with the aims of strengthening ties between Arab countries, coordinating political, economic, cultural, and social programs, and providing a joint defense. The first seven member states were: Egypt, Iraq, Jordan, Lebanon, Syria, Saudi Arabia, and Yemen. Later on, sixteen other states joined the League: Algeria (1962), Bahrain (1971), Comoros (1993), Djibouti (1977), Kuwait (1961), Lybia (1953), Mauritania (1973), Morocco (1958), Oman (1971), Palestine (1976), Qatar (1971), Somalia (1974), Sudan (1956), Tunisia (1958), and the United Arab Emirates (1971) (
2. As an example, Muslim South Asians or followers of the Sikh religion may seem Arab to...
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