From «Vergüenza» to «Échale Ganas»
Chapter 4. Juntos Pero No Revueltos
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JUNTOS PERO NO REVUELTOS (TOGETHER BUT NOT THE SAME)
Although labeling itself is not the cause of students’ failure to complete their schooling, it creates a set of expectations and stigmas for those so labeled that can suppress the drive to achieve academically. (Wise, 2010, p. 105)
In most Latin American countries issues of race and racism are institutionalized as a result of colonialism, imperialism, and capitalism. Unfortunately, the vast majority of oppressed people, especially indigenous and Black people, have learned to experience discrimination as normal, leading oppressed Latin American societies to focus on issues of classism and gender discrimination more than any other layer of oppression. Latin Americans talk about racism as a legacy of slavery and colonialism, “Racial inequality is regarded as the product of class dynamics” (Bonilla-Silva, 2010, p. 181). Even though most Latin American immigrants to this country are grouped under one umbrella by making us a single and static group, many of us claim to be different from each other in many aspects. Many of us refuse to identify ourselves in racial or Hispanic/Latino terms. However, our immigration histories and experiences with gender, race, ethnicity, class, phenotype, and location shape our new identities in this country. Some of us have developed a stronger sense of pride in our homelands for being immigrants to this country while some others prefer to attempt to assimilate the dominant culture in hopes of blending in ← 67 | 68 → and accessing...
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